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Arcadia(ärkā`dēə), region of ancient Greece, in the middle of the Peloponnesus, without a seaboard, and surrounded and dissected by mountains. The Arcadians, relatively isolated from the rest of the world, lived a proverbially simple and natural life. By far the largest city was megalopolismegalopolis
[Gr.,=great city], a group of densely populated metropolitan areas that combine to form an urban complex. It was first used in its modern sense by Jean Gottman (1957) to describe the huge urban area along the eastern seaboard of the United States from Boston to
..... Click the link for more information. , founded by Epaminondas. It had some political power, especially in the Arcadian League, but Arcadia as a whole was of little political significance. The independent mountaineers periodically fought against Spartan power, but did not cooperate well. Other cities were Mantinea, Tegea, Orchomenus, and Heraea.
Arcadia,city (1990 pop. 48,290), Los Angeles co., S Calif., a residential suburb of Los Angeles, at the foot of the San Gabriel Mts.; inc. 1903. Manufactures include electronic equipment, fabricated metal products, pharmaceuticals, furniture, motors, and machinery. The Santa Anita racetrack and an arboretum are there.
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mountainous region of ancient Greece; legendary for pastoral innocence of people. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 136; Rom. Lit.: Eclogues; Span. Lit.: Arcadia]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. a department of Greece, in the central Peloponnese. Capital: Tripolis. Pop.: 91 326 (2001). Area: 4367 sq. km (1686 sq. miles)
2. the traditional idealized rural setting of Greek and Roman bucolic poetry and later in the literature of the Renaissance
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