Callisto

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Callisto

, in Greek mythology
Callisto (kəlĭsˈtō), in Greek mythology, an attendant of Artemis. Because she forsook her chastity and bore a son, Arcas, to Zeus, she was transformed into a bear by Artemis. According to another legend she was changed into a bear by the jealous Hera. Arcas, while out hunting, was about to kill her when Zeus intervened and transferred them both to the heavens, Callisto becoming the constellation Ursa Major [great bear] and Arcas becoming Arcturus.

Callisto

, in astronomy
Callisto (kəlĭsˈtō), in astronomy, one of the 39 known moons, or natural satellites, of Jupiter.
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Callisto

(kă-liss -toh) The second largest of the four giant Galilean satellites of Jupiter, with a radius of 2400 km and a density of 1.86 g cm–3. It is the faintest of the Galileans, having an albedo of 0.2. It is the most heavily cratered object so far discovered in the Solar System, exhibiting a number of ray systems, i.e. craters from which bright streaks radiate. Some major systems of concentric ring mountains are prominent, particularly in the neighborhood of the huge Valhalla Basin, which is located slightly north of the equator. The basin is a bright circular region 600 km in diameter and is surrounded by concentric rings 50–200 km apart; the outermost ring is 3000 km across. This basin is comparable with Orientale Basin on the Moon, the Caloris Basin on Mercury, and Hellas Planitia on Mars. A second huge basin on Callisto, Asgard Basin, has a total diameter of 1600 km. Prior to the Galileo mission, Callisto was thought to have a thick crust of ice and rock extending to a depth of 200 to 300 km, beneath which there was believed to be a mantle of 1000 km of convecting water or soft ice. But preliminary analysis of the Galileo data has suggested that Callisto's internal structure is relatively undifferentiated, although the proportion of rock to ice may increase toward the center. Callisto, the outermost of the Galilean satellites, is beyond the major charged particle environment of Jupiter. It appears to be geologically inactive, its surface cratering being due to innumerable impacts during the early history of the Solar System. Scientists using the Hubble Space Telescope have detected a tenuous oxygen atmosphere on Callisto, probably caused by the interaction between charged solar particles and water molecules in the satellite's icy crust. See also Jupiter's satellites; Table 2, backmatter.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Callisto

[kə′lis‚tō]
(astronomy)
A satellite of Jupiter orbiting at a mean distance of 1,884,000 kilometers. Also known as Jupiter IV.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Callisto

nymph that Zeus transformed into a bear. [Gk. Myth.: Walsh Classical, 28]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed Arca may well have joined United instead of Sunderland on his introduction to English football.
"Evidently as a consequence of that match he had people watch me in Buenos Aires and completed a deal (worth PS3.5m) before we played in the World Cup finals," said Arca.
More recently FAYNEL (2001), presented his observations of five years in Theclinae of French Guiana, recording Arcas imperialis nectaring on plants such Emmotum fagifolium Desv.
Constantino (in VALENCIA et al., 2005) recorded Rollinia muscosa as a larval host food plant of Arcas imperialis in the Valle del Cauca.
The report also stated, 'The ultimate escape of ARCAS personnel from any form of sanction or possible prosecution for their actions clearly sends the wrong message to the aviation industry.'
In an era of Venetian domination, the elite Paduans elected to serve on the Arca in particular could well have sought to use the new high altar in part as a general reminder for themselves and their political masters of the strength and wealth of the local economy, which was based on land ownership, trade, and the wool industry.(43) Such an interpretation would seem to be reinforced by the fact that many of the upper-class families whose chapels surrounded the choir and whose members served on the Arca that supervised the high altar project were also repeatedly involved in anti-Venetian plots.
The presence and potency of Saint Anthony's remains would have reassured the Conventual friars that it was their branch that represented the true, direct, and unbroken line of descent from Saint Francis himself, a righteous attitude reinforced visually on a daily basis by seeing the miracles illustrated in Donatello's reliefs as well as by witnessing new miracles apparently taking place at the arca in the Santo.(87) The Observants might have tried to claim that they were returning to the original spirit of Saint Francis's Rule, but the Santo Conventuals had concrete, visible reminders of their privileged position within the order thanks to the permanent presence of Saint Anthony's miraculous body and Donatello's absorbingly-detailed narrative reliefs.
Makati Development Corporation headquarters in ARCA South
Construction company Makati Development Corporation has also moved its headquarters to a 10,000 sqm office space in Arca South.
Arca Combo is a large, foldable container specifically designed for the bulk storage and transportation of liquid concentrates.