Archangelica

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Archangelica

 

a genus of biennial or perennial plants of the Umbelliferae family, sometimes included in the genus Angelica.

There are about 12 species of Archangelica in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Eight or nine species are found in the USSR; most well known is the garden angelica (A. officinalis), which grows in moist areas—chiefly in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia and in Western Siberia. Members of the genus are good nectar plants. The roots and rhizomes contain coumarins, a number of acids, and tannic substances. The plants are used in making candies and liqueurs. The young shoots are edible.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alexanders share some properties with their fellow Umbelliferae Angelica (Angelica archangelica): not only do they look very similar but were a popular source of candy.
The traditional Chinese medicine osthole (7-methoxy-8(3-methyl-2-butenyl)- coumarin) is a naturally occurring coumarin derivative, which can be derived from Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson, Angelica archangelica L., and imperatorin [6].
ANGELICA archangelica THIS statuesque beauty is now unfurling its limbs and opening its dramatic flower heads.
This plant is a nitrogen fixer that grows well in association with larger water-lovers, such as Angelica (Angelica archangelica, Zones 4 to 9) and marshmallow (Althaea officinalis, Zones 3 to 9).
Furocoumarins are found in natural plant extracts belonging to angiosperm families, formerly used in popular medicine: for example, angelicin is present in Angelica archangelica (Apiaceae), allopsoralen in Mammea americana (Guttiferae), and psoralens in Psoralea corylifolia (Leguminosae) and Amni majus (Apiaceae) [4-6].
Key herbs used in Chinese blends for the treatment of arthritis include epimedium (Epimedium grandiflorum), rehmannia (Rehmannia glutinosa), peony (Paeonia lactiflora), white mustard (Sinapis alba), safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), angelica (Angelica archangelica), mulberry (Morus nigra), frankincense (Boswellia sacra), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), and ligusticum (Ligusticum porteri).
Additional male Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) attractants from angelica seed oil (Angelica archangelica L.).
Osthole and furocumarins are among the main active constituents in angelica archangelica (Kroll and Cordes 2006).
STW5, commercially known as Iberogast (Steigerwald Arzneimittelwerk GmbH, Germany) is a well-researched herbal preparation that consists of 50% (v/v) hydroethanolic fresh plant extract of Iberis amara whole plant, and 30% hydroethanolic extracts of Melissa officinalis, Matricaria chamomilla, Carum carvi, Mentha piperita, Angelica archangelica, Silybum marianum, Chelidonium majus and Glycyrrhyiza glabra.
Angelica archangelica in the diet of the Lapps and the Nordic peoples.
This word has widely attested reflexes, e.g., SaaN boska garden Angelica (Angelica Archangelica), Fi putki tube; Angelica, MdE pocko tube; hollow stalk; Angelica, MariE puc stalk; tube, NenT puda 'small metal tube', Slk *puca 'tube; soft inner part of plants; inside; middle', Kam put 'marrow; inside, inner part; groove'.