Francis Ferdinand

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Francis Ferdinand

Francis Ferdinand, 1863–1914, Austrian archduke, heir apparent (after 1889) of his uncle, Emperor Francis Joseph. In 1900 he married a Czech, Sophie Chotek. She was made duchess of Hohenberg, but because she was of minor nobility their children were barred from succession. Laboring to transform the dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy into a triple monarchy including a Slavic kingdom under Croatian leadership, he won the enmity of both the Pan-Serbians and the Pan-Germans, and his support of the Christian Socialist campaign for universal suffrage brought the hostility of the Hungarian magnates. In 1913 he became inspector general of the armies. On June 28, 1914, while at Sarajevo on an inspection tour, he and his wife were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist. Francis Ferdinand's death was the occasion for the Austrian ultimatum, addressed to Serbia by Count Berchtold, that led directly to World War I.


See S. Nickels, Assassination at Sarajevo (1969).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Francis Ferdinand


(German, Franz Ferdinand). Born Dec. 18, 1863, in Graz; died June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo. Nephew of Emperor Francis Joseph I; heir to the Hapsburg throne.

Francis Ferdinand became deputy commander in chief of the armed forces in 1898. He was one of the initiators of Austria-Hungary’s annexation of Bosnia and Hercegovina in 1908. He opposed satisfaction of the South Slavs’ demands for independence and favored the transformation of Austria-Hungary into a tripartite Austro-Hungaro-Slav state. Francis Ferdinand was assassinated at Sarajevo by Serbian nationalists.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She turned down a job as governess to the children of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria because it demanded that she relinquish her French nationality.
The outpouring of books and articles on this controversial issue has focused either on underlying (long-term) causes--national- ism, economic and colonial rivalries, Social Darwinism, militarism, and/or the prewar alliance systems-- or immediate causes, including the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia, the flurry of diplomatic notes among European capitals, and the troop mobilizations of late July 1914.
For the first time ever, we can see the incidents from that time as they really were with tonight's opening episode concentrating on the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo.