Francis Ferdinand(redirected from Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria)
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See S. Nickels, Assassination at Sarajevo (1969).
(German, Franz Ferdinand). Born Dec. 18, 1863, in Graz; died June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo. Nephew of Emperor Francis Joseph I; heir to the Hapsburg throne.
Francis Ferdinand became deputy commander in chief of the armed forces in 1898. He was one of the initiators of Austria-Hungary’s annexation of Bosnia and Hercegovina in 1908. He opposed satisfaction of the South Slavs’ demands for independence and favored the transformation of Austria-Hungary into a tripartite Austro-Hungaro-Slav state. Francis Ferdinand was assassinated at Sarajevo by Serbian nationalists.