Archibald Scott Couper

(redirected from Archibald Couper)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Couper, Archibald Scott


Born Mar. 31, 1831, in Kirkintilloch; died there Mar. 11, 1892. Scottish chemist.

Couper studied in Glasgow and Paris and was an assistant in Edinburgh. He also worked in the laboratory of C. A. Wurtz in Paris (1856). In 1858 he returned to Scotland and soon after was forced to terminate his scientific work because of a nervous disorder. Couper’s name is associated with the development of the concept of valency. He explained (1858) all the unique characteristics of organic matter by the ability of carbon atoms to link with 4 or 2 equivalents of various elements as well as with each other into a chain.


In Russian translation:
“O novoi khimicheskoi teorii.” In the collection Stoletie teorii khimicheskogo stroeniia. Moscow, 1961. Pages 31–45.


Butlerov, A. M. “Zamechaniia po povodu novoi khimicheskoi teorii A. S. Kupera.” Soch. vol. 1. Moscow, 1953. Pages 37–45.
Bykov, G. V. Istoriia klassicheskoi teorii khimicheskogo stroeniia. Moscow, 1960. Pages 39–50.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Scot, Archibald Couper, put the finishing touches to this theory of molecular structure by drawing the first molecular diagrams in which the atoms were represented by their letter symbols and bonds by straight lines.