Alexander Archipenko

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Archipenko, Alexander

Archipenko, Alexander (ärkhĭpĕnˈkō), 1887–1964, Ukrainian-American sculptor, b. Kiev. He moved to Moscow in 1906 and to Paris in 1908. There he began to adapt cubist technique to sculpture. In 1910 he opened his own art school in Paris, later moved (1921) to Berlin and established a school, and, finally, emigrated (1923) to New York City, where he also founded a school. In 1912, Archipenko introduced sculpto-painting, an attempt to unite form and color via mixed media. However, his major contribution to 20th-century sculpture was his realization of negative form. Archipenko recognized the aesthetic value of the void—the hollowed-out shape or perforation as a complement to the bulging mass—as exemplified by his Madonna in marble and the bronze Woman Combing Her Hair (1915, Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Archipenko also worked in carved plastic lighted from within. His nearly abstract figures gained him international renown; among them are Torso in Space (Whitney Mus., New York City), Walking Girl (Honolulu Mus.), and White Torso (examples in the Chicago Arts Club and in the Fine Art Association, Phoenix, Arizona). Archipenko was also an engineer, ceramist, and teacher.


See his Archipenko: Fifty Creative Years: 1908–1958 (1960); D. H. Karshan, Archipenko: Schlpture, Drawings and Prints, 1908–1963 (1985); K. J. Michaelsen and N. Guralnik, Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute (1986).

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Archipenko, Alexander

(1887–1964) sculptor; born in Kiev, Russia. He studied at the Kiev School of Art (1902–05), in Paris (1908–21), and settled in New York City (1923). He taught at many institutions, including Moholy-Nagy's New Bauhaus School, Chicago (1937–39), and became famous for his combinations of sculpture and painting, as in Medrano II (1914).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm delighted with a wider draw for Archipenko in the Dubai Duty Free because of his speed," said Shea.
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Crack miler Ramonti weakened tamely to finish fifth in his comeback race at Ascot as Archipenko (11-1) gave trainer Mike de Kock his first British win in the Plymouth Gin Summer Mile.
GLOBETROTTING trainer Mike de Kock added a win in Britain to his international haul as Archipenko claimed the Group Two Plymouth Gin Summer Mile at Ascot.
Last year's ever-popular winner George Washington, third behind the aforementioned duo last time, was also confirmed along with stablemates Archipenko, Astronomer Royal and Excellent Art.
Archipenko makes each-way appeal, but it would be a surprise if Chapple-Hyam is not celebrating another Derby success following the 1992 victory of Dr Devious.
Alexander Archipenko: Important Bronzes from a Distinguished Private Collection
The section on abstract sculpture offers an informative discussion of the biomorphism and fantasy noted in the works of Arp, Moore, Hepworth, Miro and Lipschitz contrasted with the geometric and rational constructions of Smith, Archipenko, Snelson and Kelly.
The Archipenko colt won a strong maiden on his racecourse debut, with runners from the powerhouse yards of Aidan O'Brien, Dermot Weld and Mick Halford in opposition.