Alexander Archipenko

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Archipenko, Alexander

(ärkhĭpĕn`kō), 1887–1964, Ukrainian-American sculptor, b. Kiev. He moved to Moscow in 1906 and to Paris in 1908. There he began to adapt cubist technique to sculpture. In 1910 he opened his own art school in Paris, later moved (1921) to Berlin and established a school, and, finally, emigrated (1923) to New York City, where he also founded a school. In 1912, Archipenko introduced sculpto-painting, an attempt to unite form and color via mixed media. However, his major contribution to 20th-century sculpture was his realization of negative form. Archipenko recognized the aesthetic value of the void—the hollowed-out shape or perforation as a complement to the bulging mass—as exemplified by his Madonna in marble and the bronze Woman Combing Her Hair (1915, Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Archipenko also worked in carved plastic lighted from within. His nearly abstract figures gained him international renown; among them are Torso in Space (Whitney Mus., New York City), Walking Girl (Honolulu Mus.), and White Torso (examples in the Chicago Arts Club and in the Fine Art Association, Phoenix, Arizona). Archipenko was also an engineer, ceramist, and teacher.

Bibliography

See his Archipenko: Fifty Creative Years: 1908–1958 (1960); D. H. Karshan, Archipenko: Schlpture, Drawings and Prints, 1908–1963 (1985); K. J. Michaelsen and N. Guralnik, Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute (1986).

Archipenko, Alexander

(1887–1964) sculptor; born in Kiev, Russia. He studied at the Kiev School of Art (1902–05), in Paris (1908–21), and settled in New York City (1923). He taught at many institutions, including Moholy-Nagy's New Bauhaus School, Chicago (1937–39), and became famous for his combinations of sculpture and painting, as in Medrano II (1914).
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Director Archipenko chose a premium decor in trendy orchid that blends seamlessly into his newly refurbished clinic.
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STAR South African raider Archipenko was the toast of the bookies at Ascot yesterday.
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Archipenko makes each-way appeal, but it would be a surprise if Chapple-Hyam is not celebrating another Derby success following the 1992 victory of Dr Devious.
The section on abstract sculpture offers an informative discussion of the biomorphism and fantasy noted in the works of Arp, Moore, Hepworth, Miro and Lipschitz contrasted with the geometric and rational constructions of Smith, Archipenko, Snelson and Kelly.
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Acclamation, Dubawi, Exceed And Excel, Holy Roman Emperor, Invincible Spirit and Pivotal are among the premierleague stallions with progeny on offer, while Aqlaam, Archipenko, Art Connoisseur, Bushranger, Captain Gerrard, Champs Elysees, Major Cadeaux, Mastercraftsman, US Ranger, Virtual and Winker Watson are among the first-crop yearling sires represented in the catalogue.