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architectural engineering[¦är·kə¦tek·chər·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
A discipline that deals with the technological aspects of buildings, including the properties and behavior of building materials and components, foundation design, structural analysis and design, environmental system analysis and design, construction management, and building operation. Environmental systems, which may account for 45–70% of a building's cost, include heating, ventilating and air conditioning, illumination, building power systems, plumbing and piping, storm drainage, building communications, acoustics, vertical and horizontal transportation, fire protection, alternate energy sources, heat recovery, and energy conservation. In addition, to help protect the public from unnecessary risk, architectural engineers must be familiar with the various building codes, plumbing, electrical, and mechanical codes, and the Life Safety Code. The latter code is similar to a building code and is designed to require planning and construction techniques in buildings which will minimize possible hazards to the occupants. See Fire technology
Architectural engineering differs from other engineering disciplines in two important aspects. Most engineers work with other engineers, while most architectural engineers work or consult with architects. Furthermore, an architectural engineer not only must be fully qualified in engineering, but must also be thoroughly versed in all architectural considerations involved in design and construction. An architectural engineer designing a structural or environmental system is expected to be familiar not only with that system, but also with the multitude of architectural considerations which may affect its design, installation, and operation. See Buildings, Engineering