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(är`kĭtīp') [Gr. arch=first, typos=mold], term whose earlier meaning, "original model," or "prototype," has been enlarged by C. G. JungJung, Carl Gustav
, 1875–1961, Swiss psychiatrist, founder of analytical psychology. The son of a country pastor, he studied at Basel (1895–1900) and Zürich (M.D., 1902).
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 and by several contemporary literary critics. A Jungian archetype is a thought pattern that finds worldwide parallels, either in cultures (for example, the similarity of the ritual of Holy Communion in Europe with the tecqualo in ancient Mexico) or in individuals (a child's concept of a parent as both heroic and tyrannic, superman and ogre). Jung believed that such archetypal images and ideas reside in the unconscious level of the mind of every human being and are inherited from the ancestors of the race. They form the substance of the collective unconscious. Literary critics such as Northrop FryeFrye, Northrop
, 1912–91, Canadian literary critic, b. Quebec. In 1936 he was ordained as a minister in the United Church of Canada. In 1948 he was appointed professor of English at Victoria College, of which he was later principal (1959–66).
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 and Maud Bodkin use the term archetype interchangeably with the term motifmotif
, in literature, term that denotes the recurrent presence of certain character types, objects, settings, or situations in diverse genres and periods of folklore and literature.
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, emphasizing that the role of these elements in great works of literature is to unite readers with otherwise dispersed cultures and eras.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



concept of the original type, the prototype of the skeletal structure of all vertebrates, advanced by R. Owen (1847). The archetype theory is based on the comparison of traits common to the skeletons of various vertebrates, and it has created an abstract model, an ideal type of skeleton, which has not been completely realized by any animal, either extinct or living. This theory served as an expression of the natural philosophical school of morphology during the 18th and 19th centuries, when a reflection of general ideas was sought for in the structure of human beings and animals. Basic to the archetype is the ideal vertebrate system, consisting of eight parts (the body, the neural and hemal arches, the awned and transverse appendages, and the ribs). The entire skeleton is depicted as some kind of series of such modified vertebrae. In the skull Owen distinguished four vertebrae: the occipital, parietal, frontal, and nasal. C. Darwin reinterpreted the archetype theory; he conceived of it not as an abstract prototype but as an ancestral form which had actually existed at one time.


Owen, R. Report on the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton: Report of the 16th Meeting . . . of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. . ., 1846. London, 1847.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A hypothetical ancestral type conceptualized by eliminating all specialized character traits.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. Psychoanal one of the inherited mental images postulated by Jung as the content of the collective unconscious
2. a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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We've got big names such as Alumet Systems, Amey, Denso and Travel de Courcey, but also smaller firms such as Silent Computing and Architype featured."
My view is that within the next 10 years we will see significant uptake in the use of Passivhaus design providing a cost effective route to zero carbon buildings; thankfully for Thomas Vale we have been researching the successful execution of Passivhaus design and implementation with architects such as Architype; with whom we are now constructing two of the UK's first schools utilising the techniques.
Architype architects, which is based south of Hereford, has made its home in a converted barn owned by the Duchy of Cornwall.
Those shortlisted are: Central Roofing; Kingspan; Wiggly Wigglers; Be Eco UK; Cherington HR; Chessgrove Swim; JMDA (John Martin Design Associates); JSC Rotational; Postcode Anywhere; Oakland International; ETL Systems; Milsys; Special Metals; Festival Housing; Peter Prosser Hairdressers; Rabjohns; Architype; Reprodux; 7Y Services; Clare Carpenter Recruitment; Fusion Brasserie; The Naked Creative; Borrowers Toy Library; Concern Universal; Leukaemia Care; Worcester Snoezelen Project; Three Counties Gourmet; Westons Cider.
A draft design for the building will be produced on Friday and then presented to Insight Architype 02 architects.
Proponents of this ideology saw it as a strategy to further expand the reach of American architypes and also as a way for the country to rid itself of free Black citizens.