archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of maintaining the folder structure in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for distribution. Depending on the type of data, the compression algorithm may reduce the files a lot or a little; however, the size reduction is often not important. It is the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain in the same computer, the word "archive" implies data retention, and archived data is often stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Active archiving understands and remembers data relationships with 100% accuracy and saves not only the data, but also the metadata describing the tables, columns and relationships used to create the Archive File. Users continue to have real-time access to archived data using comprehensive search, browse and reporting capabilities without restoring a single row.
It is possible to archive and restore data from one database platform to another or archive data from multiple relational databases to create one or more enterprise Archive Files. If the DBMS platform changes, then active archiving will continue to support the enterprise data management strategy through the transition.
demanded that his name be cleared in Slovakia, and local courts first decided that he had been recorded in StB archive files as its agent unjustifiably.Last year, however, the Constitutional Court overturned the original decisions, and the case saw a sudden turnaround.
Declassified National Archive files reveal he was the subject of Security Service suspicion five days after VE Day, while a lieutenant in the Royal Corps of Signals.
When an organization or corporation has archive files on microfilm that has 'blips' or reference numbers and requires access, (to old insurance claims, pension statements or deeds for instance,) the MACH7380 provides a bridge between the analog and the digital.
Through scores of historic photos, many plucked from forgotten archive files; skilled historical research techniques; great, detailed explanations of everything from what it's like to jump out of an airplane to the construction of Japanese balloon bombs that sailed into the American west during World War II; and a determination to tell the complete, difficult story, the author paints a deeply human picture of a group of men who answered a call, stood up to formidable obstacles, and ultimately paved the road for the racial integration of the Armed Forces in the years after World War II.
Archive files from the 1950s also reveal how radioactive waste from a Dundee plant was secretly dropped into the waters below the Forth Bridge, less than a mile from a radium-contaminated beach at Dalgety Bay in Fife.
In addition, the sides will cooperate in preservation and restoration of historical and cultural heritage, the training of specialists in the field of library activity and archive files.
The software works with all versions of WinRAR archive files, including the very latest WinRAR 5.x releases.
The disclosure came in the National Archive Files about UFO sightings near UK landmarks including House of Parliament and Stonehenge, in the period dating 2007 and November 2009.
There are about 5,000 live files and over 130,000 archive files. Our focus is on urgent matters and then the live files, and then we move on to deal with the 130,000 archive files - that will take quite a bit of time.
HOST: The material will be unveiled in the Cathedral SCRUTINY: Bishop James Jones looks at some of the Hillsborough Archive files