archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
References in periodicals archive ?
In her role as archivist, Glassford will steward Leddy Librarys Archives, Rare Books and Special Collections.
Editorial Note: Currently an archivist by day and a writer, glass artist, and fan of board games by night, Jeanne Kramer-Smyth has been writing since she first got her hands on a typewriter at age 9.
The archivist said: "We have been working with the harbour board for the past four years to survey what's inside the room and start the cataloguing process.
Hence "archivists find themselves performing a complex role as mediators between archives and different categories of users with different backgrounds and needs." (9) Archivists no longer sit behind their desk and bring historians records when they need them, now they interact with users, many of whom have never entered an archive before.
In Perry's digital collections, archivists have been able to trace the rapid evolution of technology since the start of the millennium.
The congress is very important to those in the field of archiving because it serves as a venue to learn from each other the best practices in archival management in the country, and it strengthens networks with fellow archivists for support.
Records managers and those in combined RM/archives roles should take note of the recommendation that archivists make more use of inventories and identification of privacy or confidentiality concerns provided by the records creators.
Chapter 3 introduces archival appraisal, considered by many archivists to be the most intellectually demanding archival function, and one that distinguishes archival work from other related disciplines.
Citing the confidentiality of personnel decisions, Klinger declined to elaborate on the archivists' departure from their jobs.
As historians explored the stories of Asian, Mexican-American, Russian, Swedish, Primitive, Landmark, Independent, Seventh-day Baptists, and more, librarians and archivists supplied presentations on where and how those groups may be researched.
Appendices provide additional resources and sample forms for archivists.
It has much less to say to professional archivists--in fact, only two of the twenty-four authors are archivists.

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