Arctic Archipelago


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Related to Arctic Archipelago: Canadian arctic islands

Arctic Archipelago

(ärk`tĭk, är`tĭk), group of more than 50 large islands, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, N Canada, in the Arctic Ocean. The southernmost members of the group include Baffin (the archipelago's largest island), Victoria, Banks, Prince of Wales, and Somerset islands; N of Viscount Melville and Lancaster sounds are the Queen Elizabeth Islands, of which Ellesmere is the largest. Tundra and permanent ice cover the islands, on which oil and coal have been discovered. After Greenland, the Archipelago is the world's largest high-arctic land area.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stratigraphy and correlation of Lower Paleozoic formations subsurface of Cornwallis, Devon, Somerset and Russell islands, Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Clark, the closing of the Arctic archipelago within this system of baselines served the purpose to ensure national security with respect to a predictable increase in foreign commercial and military navigation:
7) It stretches from the Bering Strait in the west, runs along the northern coast of Alaska and Canada, and then weaves through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago until it exits through the Davis Strait and Baffin Bay in the east.
91) Over a 300-year period dating back to the 1570s and lasting until the transfer of title to Canada in 1880, English explorers discovered and claimed a great majority of the Arctic Archipelago.
The captain and his men drank a toast to the Dominion and the prime minister, and "then all assembled around Party's Rock to witness the unveiling of a tablet placed at the Rock, commemorating the annexing of the whole of the Arctic archipelago.
In 1986 Canada drew "straight baselines" around the fringing islands and headlands of the Arctic Archipelago and declared all waters within to be "internal" to Canada.
As a BBC journalist he has been to the Arctic Archipelago, north of Canada, and back.
The town of Pyramiden lies on the east coast of Spitsbergen, the largest island in the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, 1,200km from the North Pole.
Most scholars study it mainly from a White perspective, which amounts to an impoverished history, also known as a mystery, because, being predicated on written sources, it relies on an archive that contains but a single document written by any of the 129 Britons on the voyage once HMS Erebus and Terror disappeared into the Arctic archipelago in late July 1845.
Not all of the Canadian Arctic archipelago is within Nunavut (although Canada's entitlement to the archipelago is now unchallenged, and that has been the case for some length of time, likely since circa 1930).
The chunks broke off from the Ward Hunt Ice Shelf on the coast of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, forming two floating ice islands, according to scientists.
Internationally our national government claims that the waters of the Arctic Archipelago are internal to our country.