Arctic Cisco

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arctic Cisco


(Coregonus autumnalis), a fish of the family Salmonidae. The arctic cisco is a migratory fish that feeds in the littoral waters of the Arctic Ocean and ascends the rivers east of Pechora (except the Ob’ River) and the rivers of Alaska and Canada to spawn. The fish is up to 64 cm long and weighs up to 3 kg. In the sea it feeds on large benthic crustaceans, fry, and small zooplankton. The arctic cisco spawns in the autumn. It is fished commercially in Siberian rivers.

The subspecies C. a. migratorius, which is made up of three races, usually weighs 1–1.5 kg (sometimes up to 7 kg). It feeds primarily on pelagic crustaceans, benthic invertebrates, and fry. It spawns in rivers from September to November. The subspecies is of great commercial importance, but its numbers have sharply decreased.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Niko’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Arctic cisco have a feeling about the water; they head toward the ocean.
(59) One scientific study contends that the decline in Arctic cisco also is part of a cyclical process and that the population has already started to rebound.
Species composition of Beaufort Sea lagoons is dominated by whitefish (Griffiths et al., 1977; Schmidt et al., 1983; Craig et al., 1985; Jarvela and Thorsteinson, 1999; Johnson et al., 2010), whereas, our whitefish catches consisted of only three Arctic cisco.
Salinity was monitored in conjunction with the fishery because arctic cisco was commonly associated with salinities in the range of 15 to 25 ppt (parts per thousand).
Otoliths obtained from both arctic cisco and least cisco caught in 76 mm mesh were read using the break-and-burn technique (Chilton and Beamish, 1982).
The arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis), known regionally by its Inupiat name qaaqtaq, is one of the most abundant and widely distributed coregonids found in Alaskan Beaufort Sea coastal waters during summer (Craig, 1984).
The arctic cisco is an important traditional food for Inupiat communities of the Alaskan Arctic Coastal Plain.
An assessment of the Colville River delta stock of Arctic cisco: Migrants from Canada.
Localized movement patterns of least cisco (Coregonus sardinella) and arctic cisco (C.
Key words: Coregonus sardinella, least cisco, Coregonus autumnalis, arctic cisco, Beaufort Sea, causeways, Arctic oil, impacts
Key words: Arctic, Alaska, Beaufort Sea, epipelagic coastal fishes, fish-habitat relationships, arctic cod, capelin, arctic cisco
Use of a stress index to estimate temperature and salinity stress in arctic cisco. In: Reynolds, J., ed.

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