Arctic Peoples

Arctic Peoples

 

conventional name for the indigenous population in the circumpolar region of the northern hemisphere. Usually refers to the peoples of northern Asia and North America, primarily those who inhabit the tundra (Chukchi, Koriak, Iukagir, Itel’men-Kamchadal, Aleut, and Eskimo); also sometimes the population of the western tundra and taiga regions (Saami [Lapp], Nenets, Enets, Nganasan, northern Yakut, Evenki, and Even). The term “arctic peoples” (and also the more outdated “Hyperboreans”) is a geographical designation embracing tribes that are completely different in culture and origin. The expressions “northern minorities” or “peoples of the north” in Soviet scientific literature do not correspond to the term “arctic peoples,” since they also include the people of the Amur River region and Sakhalin (Nivkh, Nanai, Ul’chi, Orok, and Udegei), the middle Enisei and Ob’ (Ket, Sel’kup, Khanty), and others.

I. S. GURVICH

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It is worthwhile to seek out and present the outliers in material culture and to broadcast their occurrence in order to better understand the practices and connections of the first Arctic peoples.
Author Birgitte Sonne (Institute of Eskimology, University of Copenhagen) reports on Danish and Greenlandic ethnographic research on Inuit and Yupiit Arctic peoples, and describes her own research and fieldwork.
As the NWP is a route through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, it is Canada's duty to first consider the detrimental effects of the use of the NWP on the Canadian Arctic environment and the Arctic peoples. There are many Inuit communities along the NWP that should not be discounted by the size of their population.
These complex concerns have and will continue to have devastating impacts upon Arctic peoples and their efforts to continue good stewardship throughout the region.
Where scientists see climate change and cooperation with Arctic peoples in terms of what facts can be established so that successful policies can be implemented, the Inuit see climate change as part-and-parcel with their suicide rates, the vestiges of colonialism, and the enduring educational, governance, and other structures that that history installed.
The project involves the Finnish Snowchange organisation, which works with Arctic peoples and the UK's Arkleton Trust.
3.1 The actions of Arctic peoples and states, the interactions between them, and the conduct of international relations must be anchored in the rule of law.
Six indigenous Arctic peoples' organizations are permanent participants.
Jerome's University in the University of Waterloo and co-chair of the Munk School for Global Affairs-Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation Arctic Peoples and Security program.
These include threats of environmental contamination from decommissioned Russian nuclear submarines scuttled in the area (with their nuclear reactors on board), threats to the homes and hunting grounds of indigenous Arctic peoples from climate change, and the possibility of oil slicks from shipping accidents if the Northwest Passage opens up.
(19) All these developments have strengthened the hand of Arctic peoples when it comes to addressing actionable harms, especially in political settings.
On a more sober note, Van Deusen states that today's Arctic peoples are mostly modernized but riddled by drugs and alcohol, and the native languages are being lost.

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