Ringed Seal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ringed Seal


(Pusa hispida), a pinniped of the family Phocidae. It measures up to 1.5 m long and weighs up to 70 kg. The pelt is dark gray with light rings.

The ringed seal is distributed in all the arctic seas and in the northern parts of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, mainly near the coasts. In USSR waters it is found from the Barents Sea to the Sea of Japan and in the Baltic Sea and Lake Ladoga. The pup, measuring about 60 cm long, is born on the ice, usually in a snow burrow, at the end of winter or in the spring. It attains sexual maturity at five or six years of age.

The ringed seal feeds on fish and crustaceans. It is an object of commerce: its pelt, subcutaneous fat, and flesh (for feeding dogs and fur-bearing animals) are used. Closely related species —the Baikal seal and the Caspian seal—live in Lake Baikal and the Caspian Sea.


Mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Male Arctic ringed seals rut from March to mid-May and sometimes into June (McLaren, 1958a).
(2010) provide strong evidence of interannual fidelity to breeding sites among adult Arctic ringed seals, but less is known of the open water movements of subadults.

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