Arctium


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Related to Arctium: Arctium lappa

Arctium

 

a genus of plants of the family Compositae. Members are biennial large grasses with large leaves. The blossoms are monoecious, tubular, and usually purple, in round calathides that are gathered into a common raceme. When the fruits ripen the calathides readily break off, sticking to the coats of animals and the clothing of man. The achenes are compact and have a crest of numerous rows of fibers.

There are about ten species in temperate areas of Europe and Asia; the USSR has six to eight species that grow primarily in inhabited areas, trash heaps, deserted areas, along roads, and in vegetable gardens; they sometimes infest cultivated fields. The most common are cotton burdock (A. tomentosum) and common burdock (A. lappa, A. majus). A decoction from the roots, which contain inuline, organic acids, essential oils, and other substances, is used as a diuretic and diaphoretic; a tincture of the roots with almond or olive oil is used as a hair tonic. Decoctions and pastes from the roots are also used in treating rheumatism, gout, and skin diseases. Young roots and shoots are edible. The plants are rich in nectar.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

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Tanto en la semilla de Arctium como en los demas ejemplos de organismos de la naturaleza que se usan como fuente de inspiracion, a partir de diversos procesos evolutivos y adaptativos estos organismos debieron construir prototipos antes de poder acertar en la mejor forma, como en esta semilla para poder adherirse a un dispersor, en busca de garantizar su supervivencia lejos de la planta madre, disminuyendo la competencia con otras plantas [18].
Callus induction and high- frequency plant regeneration from hypocotyl and cotyledon explants of Arctium lappa L.
Entre estas, sete (Polygonum punctatum, Maytenus ilicifolia, Arctium lappa, Malva sylvestris, Calendula officinalis, Achyrocline satureioides e Plantagomajor), das 19 plantas citadas pelos informantes, sao indicadas por possuirem efeito cicatrizante (39).
[38.] Ferracane R, Graziani G, Gallo M, Fogliano V, Ritieni A (2010) Metabolic profile of the bioactive compounds of burdock (Arctium lappa) seeds, roots and leaves.
Otros generos con especies medicinales y aromaticas son: Acanthospermum, Acmella, Ageratum, Ambrosia, Anacyclus, Anaphalis, Anthemis, Arctium, Argyranthemum, Aster, Atractylis, Atractylodes, Bellis, Bidens, Blumea, Calea, Carduncellus, Carduus, Centipeda, Centromadia, Chaptalia, Chersodoma, Chondrilla, Chuquiraga, Chrysactinia, Chrysanthellum, Chrysanthemum s.
Planhigion eraill sydd wedi'u defnyddio at annwyd ydi'r cacamwci (Arctium; burdock), y wermod lwyd (Artemisia absinthum; wormwood), llygad y dydd (Bellis perennis; daisy), y banadl (Cytisus scoparius; broom) a bysedd y cwr (Digitalis purpurea; foxglove) - er mae angen bod yn ofalus iawn wrth ddefnyddio'r olaf 'na am ei fod yn wenwynig.
Purslane (Portulaca), pigweed (Amaranthus), lamb's quarter (Chenopodium) and burdock (Arctium) fiberize and condition the soil and provide a supportive environment for beneficial soil micro-flora to prosper.
The formula contained Andrographis paniculata, Scutellaria baicalensis, Silybum marianum, Tabebuia impetiginosa, Filipendula ulmaria, Rhodiola rosea, Withania somnifera, Eleuthrococcus senticosis, Arctium lappa and Curcuma longa.
Berset, Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity, En: Erdemoglu, N y otros 4 autores, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Estimation of antiinflammatory, antinociceptive and antioxidant activities on Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh.
John's wort) herb, Coptis chinensis (gold thread, huang han) root, Artemisia hudoviciana (western mugwort) leaf, Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) root, glycyrrhizin, Schisandra chinensis (wu wei zi) fruit, Astragalus membranaceus (huang qi) root, Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) root, Arctium lappa (burdock) root, shosaiko-to, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Salvia miltiorrhiza (Chinese sage, dan shen) root, salvianolic acid B, Fuzheng Huayu formula, Gynostemma pentaphyllum (jiao gu lan) root, and Ginkgo biloba seed.
* Drink organic Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and Burdock (Arctium lappa) root as a coffee alternative (9).
(O) 1.76 [+ or -] 0.13 * Leonurus turkestanicusV.Krecr et Kupr (O) 1.88 [+ or -] 0.09 * Arctium tomentisum Mill (R) 1.76 [+ or -] 0.18 * Ziziphora pedicillate Parii et Vved (R) 1.74 [+ or -] 0.12 * Solidago dahurica Kitag (F) 1.7 [+ or -] 0.14 * Hierasiun procerum Fr (O) 1.56 [+ or -] 0.06 * Solonum nigra h.