Arctostaphylos


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Arctostaphylos

 

(manzanita), a genus of plants of the family Ericaceae. The genus includes sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs, shrublets, and, less commonly, small trees. The small drooping flowers are gathered into racemes or panicles. There are more than 30 species (according to other data, as many as 70), distributed in temperate and arctic zones of the northern hemisphere. The plants are most commonly found in North America. The bearberry (A. uva-ursi) is a low spreading shrub with entire leaves that are shiny above. The pink flowers have a five-parted calyx and an urceolate, sympetalous, five-toothed corolla. The fruit is a mealy red drupe. The plant grows in sandy places in pine forests, sparse larch forests, and thickets of dwarf stone pine. The leaves contain the glycoside arbutin, which is used medicinally and for tanning leather.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
25 2014 [17] arctostaphylos Hassellund et al., I Bilberry, black current 26 2013 [18] Zhu et al., 2013 O Anthocyanin rich foods 73 [19] Zhu et al., 2011 O Bilberry, black current 73 [20] Dohadwala et al., I Cranberry juice 22 2011 [21] Basu et al., 2010 I Bilberry 25 [22] Mu et al., 2010 [23] I 30 Curtis et al., 2009 I Elderberry 26 [24] Qin et al., 2009 I Capsule Medox (17 natural 60 [25] anthocyanins) Qin and Wenhua 2008 I Black rice 51 [26] Karlsen et al., 2007 O Capsule Medox (17 natural 59 [27] anthocyanins) Study/year Placebo Design Anthocyanin dose Yang et al., 2017 80 R, D, P 80 mg [10] Zhang et al.
Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L) Spreng and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
(flower bud, flower/nectar, and fruit), Umbellularia californica (flower bud, fruit), Arctostaphylos spp.
In the present study, we investigated the effects of fruit concentrated extract of Vaccinium arctostaphylos on serum lipid profile and serum levels of hs-CRP and MDA in hyperlipidemic adult patients.
arbuti is monoecious anholocyclic on Ericaceae (Arbutus, Arctostaphylos and Pieris) as well as Empetraceae (Empetrum) species and it is primarily European.
Andromeda polifoiia Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Calluna vulgaris + Empetrum nigrum + Ledum palustre + Vaccinium myrtillus + Vaccinium uliginosum + + Vaccinium vitis-ideae + Rhvnchospora alba Carex panacea Carex viridula Chenopodium spp.
In particular, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Galium aparine, Equisetum arvense, B1 and B6 are noted for their diuretic actions.
Among them, Allium sativum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Citrullus colocynthis, Juglans regia, Nigella sativa, Olea europaea, Punica granatum, Salvia officinalis, Teucrium polium, Trigonellafoenum, Urtica dioica, and Vaccinium arctostaphylos are widely used as medicinal plants for management of diabetes [4, 5].