Ardebil

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Ardebil

(ärdəbēl`), town (1991 pop. 311,022), NW Iran, near the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is a market center for a fertile agricultural region. Carpets and rugs are produced in the town. Ardebil was probably founded in the 5th cent. A.D. It became (10th cent.) the capital of Azerbaijan but was soon superseded by Tabriz. In 1220 it was destroyed by the Mongols. The town quickly regained its importance as the home of Safi ad-Din, the founder of a celebrated Sufi order. The Safavids erected a beautiful shrine there, and the town became a center of pilgrimage. Ardebil also contains the tomb of Shah Ismail. The town was occupied by the Turks in 1725 and by the Russians in 1828. Its proficient library was taken to St. Petersburg by the Russians. The name is also spelled Ardabil.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ardebil

 

city in northeastern Iran, eastern Azerbaijan. Population, 83,500 (1966). It has a system of paved roads and an airport. Ardebil has a carpet industry; mineral springs are nearby. It is not known when Ardebil was founded. It was first mentioned during the later Sassanid period. In the Middle Ages, especially the ninth and tenth centuries, Ardebil was a large trade, craft, and cultural center of Azerbaijan. In remote times it was the capital of small independent principalities. In 1220 it was captured and destroyed by the Mongols. At the end of the 13th century the dervish Safavid order was founded in Ardebil. The Ardebil Safavid sheikhdom became the nucleus of the Safavid state.

The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, an architectural complex remarkable for its plan and its rich interior (16th—17th centuries), still stands in Ardebil. The complex consists of a large garden (120 m long) with a portal (1648; the decor was executed by the master craftsman Ismail of Ardebil); a small court, leading into a large court with an octagonal mosque (13th century [?]), and a rectangular memorial mosque. Adjoining it is the cylindrical-domed mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, which is completely covered by a patterned glaze, and the Chini-khane octagonal building (a repository for porcelain articles).

REFERENCE

Salamzade, A. V. Arkhitektura Azerbaidzhana XVI-XIX vv. Baku, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Department of Internal Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran (2) Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran (3)Department of Medicine, Medstar Health (Baltimore)/Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia, USA (4) University of Maryland Medical Center, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
Muazzin is also a participant of many joint exhibitions organized in Tehran, Tabriz, Enzeli and Ardabil.
The study was approved by the research ethics committee of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences (Ethical code: Arums.REC.93.65) and recorded in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials identification code of IRCT201503055144N7.
Department of nternal Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
This was a descriptive cross-sectional study on individuals who referred a cosmetic clinic for BoNTA injection during a one-year (20162017) period in Ardabil, Iran.
Considering these relationships, we suggest that in order to increase the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption in the nursing and midwifery staff of Ardabil Educational Centers, self-efficacy and cognitive processes should be considered as the basis of the program.
For doing full health programs and effort for reducing rate of risk to the head trauma and also need for having information and statistics about location of event and also lack of exact statistics about head trauma in Ardabil province, this study was conducted to investigate the epidemiology of head trauma in Ardabil province from April 2013 to September 2014.
According to the cancer registration, breast cancer in Ardabil is the most common one, following esophagus and stomach cancers (6).
The Safawis originated from Shaikh Safiuddin of the Safawiya Sufi order in the Azeri town of Ardabil. It was of mixed ancestry (Turkoman, Persian, Azeri & Kurdish) including inter-marriages with members of Georgian and Pontic Greek nobility.
Last year Iran bought three highly advanced and very expensive devices for testing the heavy metal and pesticide content of the river's water in three provinces of East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan, and Ardabil which are situated along the river, Ansari stated.
Recent cancer registry data showed highly varying rates of these cancers in four provinces of Iran, namely Ardabil, Mazandaran, Golestan, and Kerman.