Ardeidae


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Related to Ardeidae: Threskiornithidae

Ardeidae

[är′dē·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The herons, a family of wading birds in the order Ciconiiformes.

Ardeidae

 

(herons), a family of birds of the order Ciconiiformes. The body measures 28–140 cm in length, and the neck and legs are long. The skin of the crusis is partly naked. The digits are long and slender, and the middle claw is comb-edged. The bill is straight and sharp. The plumage is lax, with two to four pairs of patches of powdery down. Coloration is gray-blue, gray, brown, or white, often with longitudinal markings.

The 66 species that constitute the family are distributed throughout the globe except in polar regions, predominantly in the tropics and subtropics. The USSR has 16 species, including the little bittern and other bitterns, night herons, the squacco heron, cattle egret, common heron, purple heron, and reef herons.

Herons that inhabit temperate latitudes are usually migratory. Bitterns keep to dense coastal thickets, while other species inhabit open ground along the banks of bodies of water and moist meadows. They nest in colonies, often together with other birds, such as cormorants, spoonbills, and glossy ibises. The nests are built on trees, shrubs, or broken reeds. The female lays three to seven eggs of solid color, which are incubated by both the female and male. The fledglings are covered with sparse down and stay in or near the nest for a long period.

Herons feed on small fish, frogs, mollusks, insects, and sometimes rodents or young birds. They watch for their prey while standing immobile in shallow waters or catch it while wading.

The boat-billed heron (Cochlearius cochlearia) is often assigned to the Ardeidae.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
El pico y el tarso en Ardeidae son estructuras muy relacionadas con su forma de vida en ecosistemas de humedales, por ello su desarrollo se supone que este estrechamente controlado desde el punto de vista genetico.
The relationship between feeding habitat and colonially nesting ardeidae.
FAMILIA Y ESPECIE HABITAT TUPO DE (en orden de REGISTRO preferencias) TINAMIDAE 1 Tinamus major (#) SB A 2 Crypturellus soui BS,RB,SB AV PODICEPEDIDAE 3 Tachybaptus dominicus (+) AP V ARDEIDAE 4 Ardea cocoi (+) AP V 5 Casmerodius albus (+) AP V 6 Butorides striatus AQ,AP V 7 Bubulcus ibis PS,AP V 8 Pilherodias pileatus AP V 9 Tigrisoma lineatum (#) AP V THRESKIORNITHIDAE 10 Phimosus infuscatus (+) AP V CATHARTIDAE 11 Sarcoramphus papa AE V 12 Coragyps atratus AE V 13 Cathartes aura AE V ACCIPITRIDAE 14 Gampsonyx swainsonii PA,BB V 15 Elanoides forficatus AE,DB V 16 Ictinia plumbea AE,PA V 17 Accipiter bicolor (+) DB,BB V 18 Buteo nitidus PA,BB VA 19 B.
PELECANIDAE 1 Pelecanus occidentalis Pelicano a PHALACROCORACIDAE 2 Phalacrocorax olivaceus Pato cuervo a ANHINGIDAE 3 Anhinga anhinga Pato aguja e FREGATIDAE 4 Fregata magnificens Tijereta e ARDEIDAE 5 Agami agami Garza verde e 6 Ardea cocoi Garza morena e 7 Ardea herodias Garza 8 Butorides striatus Garcipolo c 9 Butorides virescens Garcipolo c 10 Bubulcus ibis Garza bueyera c (=Egretta ibis) 11 Casmerodius albus Garza real a 12 Dichmmanassa rufescens Garza rojiza 13 Egretta thula G.
occidentalis Linnaeus, brown I R pelican Family Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants) Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson), I O double-crested cormorant Family Fregatidae (frigatebirds) Fregata magnificens Mathews, I R magnificent frigatebird Order Ciconiiformes (herons, ibises, storks, and allies) Family Ardeidae (bitterns and herons) Ardea alba (Linnaeus), great I O egret Ardea herodias Linnaeus, great I C blue heron Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett), I R American bittern Bubulcus ibis (Linnaeus), cattle I R egret Butorides virescens (Linnaeus), I C Butorides virescens (Linnaeus), green heron Egretta caerulea (Linnaeus), little blue heron I R E.
Las familias con mayor numero de representantes fueron: Scolopacidae (5 especies), Ardeidae y Charadriidae (4 especies cada una), y Tyrannidae (3 especies).
Hicimos un registro de un total de 56 especies (Cuadro 1), correspondientes a 23 familias donde las mas representativas fueron Anatidae y Ardeidae y las menos comunes fueron Pelecanidae y Cuculidae.
Approximately 41 foraging behaviours based on movement, body and head posture and used of wing or feet have been reported in family Ardeidae that include egrets, herons and bitterns (Mckilligan, 2005; Kushlan and Hancock, 2005).
6%), followed by Anatidae and Ardeidae with five species (4%) from the total of species, while, Cuculidae and Picidae have four (3.