Battle of the Bulge

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Battle of the Bulge,

popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. More than a million men fought in what is also known as the Battle of the Ardennes. On Dec. 16, 1944, a strong German force, commanded by Marshal von Rundstedt, broke the thinly held American front in the Belgian Ardennes sector. Taking advantage of the foggy, freezing weather and of the total surprise of the Allies, the Germans penetrated deep into Belgium, creating a dent, or "bulge," in the Allied lines and threatening to break through to the N Belgian plain and seize Antwerp. An American force held out at Bastogne, even though surrounded and outnumbered. The U.S. 1st and 9th armies, temporarily under Field Marshal Montgomery, attacked the German salient from the north, while the U.S. 3d Army attacked it from the south. Improved flying weather (after Dec. 24) facilitated Allied counterattacks. By Jan. 16, 1945, the German forces were destroyed or routed, but not without some 80,000 Allied casualties.


See C. B. MacDonald, A Time for Trumpets (1984); J. S. D. Eisenhower, The Bitter Woods (1969, repr. 1995); A. Beevor, Ardennes 1944 (2015).

Bulge, Battle of the:

see Battle of the BulgeBattle of the Bulge,
popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. More than a million men fought in what is also known as the Battle of the Ardennes. On Dec.
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Battle of the Bulge

unsuccessful attempt by Germans to push Allies back from German territory (1944–1945). [Ger. Hist.: EB, II: 360–361]
See: Battle

Battle of the Bulge

final, futile German WWII offensive (1944–1945). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 1148–1153, 1154–1155]
See: Defeat
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By far the most important of these documents is the one titled "The Preparations for the German Offensive." It was prepared by Doctor Percy Schramm who, before the war, was a professor of history at a leading German university but had been called into service as a reserve officer and "in late 1944," Parker tells us, "was the officer in Hitler's Wehrmacht Operations Staff charged with maintaining a detailed war diary during the preparations for the Ardennes Offensive." Schramm's lengthy document takes up 138 pages of this book, but you must read it if you want to understand the German side of this battle.
Which WWII battle was officially known as "the Ardennes Offensive"?
DANNY PARKER is certainly no stranger to the history of the Ardennes offensive, better known to Americans as the Battle of the Bulge.
The Germans were equally intent on protecting what would very soon become the northern anchor of their great counterattack, the Ardennes offensive. Finally, the Americans ordered air attacks to breach the two largest dams on the Roer--the Schwammenauel and the Urft--and force flooding.
Short and slight, Manteuffel established a reputation as an aggressive and energetic armor commander early in the war; his success early in the Ardennes offensive was due in part to weak American resistance but was also a result of his careful planning and staff work.
Principal battles and campaigns: Le Cateau, Ypres I (Ieper) (1914); the Somme (1916); Arras, Passchendaele (near Ieper) (1917); Flanders (1940); Alam Halfa (Alam el Halfa, southeast of El Alamein), El Alamein (1942); Tunisia (1942-1943); Sicily (1943); southern Italy (1943-1944); Normandy, northern France, MARKET-GARDEN (1944); Ardennes offensive (1944-1945); Rhineland, northwestern Germany (1945).
Principal campaigns: Poland (1939); Flanders-France (1940); Russia (1941-1944); Ardennes offensive (1944-1945); Ruhr (1945).
Principal campaigns and battles: Sicily, Salerno (1943); Normandy (1944); Ardennes offensive (1944-1945); Germany (1945); Seoul (1951).
Miklos Horthy, from surrendering his army to the Russians, he led a raid (Operation MICKEY MOUSE) to kidnap Horthy's son Milos (October 15, 1944); although successful, the raid did not alter Horthy's plans, and a second strike, Operation PANZERFAUST, was launched which captured the Regent himself (October 16); a pro-Nazi government was set up, Hungary's loyalty assured, and Skorzeny won promotion to lieutenant colonel; sent to the Western Front, he organized Operation GRIEF (Condor) as part of the Ardennes offensive; the plan was to take English-speaking units trained and outfitted as American troops and send them through U.S.
Principal battles: Sicily (1943); Normandy, MARKET-GARDEN (1944); Ardennes offensive (1944-1945).