Ardeola


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Ardeola

 

a genus of birds of the family Ardeidae of the order Ciconiiformes. The body measures approximately 50 cm long. The neck and legs are relatively short. The plumage is white, and the back and head are touched with rust- or chestnut-colored feathers. In birds that are courting, there are long ribbonlike feathers on the head.

There are five species. The Ardeola are distributed in southern Europe, in the southern half of Asia, and in Africa. There are two species in the USSR: the squacco heron (A. ralloides), which is found in the south (from the Danube to Syr Darya), and the Chinese pond-heron (A. bacchus), which is found in southern Primor’e Krai. The birds nest in colonies in trees or shrubs near bodies of water or in reeds. The clutch contains four or five eggs. The birds feed on insects, mollusks, and worms.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Breeding Biology of the Cattle Egret Ardea ibis, the Little Egret Egretta garzette, the Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides, the Black-Crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, the Purple Heron Ardea purpurea and the Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, at the Lake Tonga, Algeria.
Feeding methods, flock size and feeding success in the little egret Egretta garzetta and the squacco heron Ardeola ralloides in Camargue, southern France.
Unconfirmed record of Rufous Night-heron Nycticorax caledonicus (BS) would be the first documented for Kalimantan; Chinese Pond-heron Ardeola bachus is a very rare visitor to Borneo and its records (LJ; AJ) should be confirmed.
Feeding methods; flock size and feeding success in the Little Egret Egretta garzetta and the Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides in Camargue, southern France.
Individual differences in bait-fishing by the Green-backed Heron Ardeola striata associated with territory quality.
In shallow water the average pecking rate was positively correlated with the moving rate and pecking success rate which is similar to results found in the Squacco heron Ardeola ralloides (Papakostas et al.
Extension of irrigated canal system and converting surrounding lands into croplands has favored species such as Indian wild boar, Black-naped hare, Porcupine, Millardia meltada (Soft-furred field rat), Mus booduga (Little Indian field mouse), Bandicota bengalensis (Sindh rice rat), Nesokia indica (Short-tailed mole rat), Bubulcus ibis (Cattle egret), Ardeola grayii (Indian pond heron), black francolin, grey francolin, Acridotheres tristis (Common myna) and Passer domesticus (House sparrow).