Arenaviridae


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Related to Arenaviridae: Coronaviridae, Astroviridae, Arenavirus group

Arenaviridae

[ə‚rēn·ə′vī·rə‚dē]
(virology)
A family of ribonucleic acid animal viruses consisting of a single genus, Arenavirus, having an enveloped, spherical pleomorphic form.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Diversity among Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae) naturally associated with the Mexican woodrat (Neotoma mexicana).
The Arenaviridae family (arenosus is Latin for sand) was named as a result of the sandy appearance of ribosome structures within the virion that are acquired from the host during the budding process (their function is unknown).
This group of diseases is caused by RNA viruses from the Filoviridae (Ebola and Marburg), Arenaviridae (Lassa fever, Argentine and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever), and Bunyaviridae (Hantavirus, Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever, and Yellow fever) families; the Dengue hemorrhagic fever virus; and others (see Table 1).
The etiologic agent, Machupo virus, is a member of the family Arenaviridae and is maintained in the rodent C.
Phylogenetic analysis showed that TiLVs from Thailand were closely related to TiLVs from Israel and grouped with the viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae but not Arenaviridae and Bunyaviridae (Figure).
The 3 families with level 3 viruses but no level 4 viruses are the Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Rhabdoviridae.