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Aretas(âr`ĭtəs, –tăs), dynastic name of the Nabataean kings of Petra. The best-known Aretas was Aretas IV, 9 B.C.–A.D. 49, ruler of S Palestine, most of Jordan, N Arabia, and Damascus. His daughter was married to HerodHerod,
dynasty reigning in Palestine at the time of Jesus. As a dynasty the Herods depended largely on the power of Rome. They are usually blamed for the state of virtual anarchy in Palestine at the beginning of the Christian era.
Antipater (fl. c.65 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. Antipas, who put her away in favor of Herodias. Aretas attacked (A.D. 36) Antipas and defeated him, but Rome took Antipas' part. Tiberius' death (A.D. 37) saved Aretas from the Roman army.