Pietro Aretino

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Aretino, Pietro

 

Born Apr. 19, 1492, in Arezzo; died Oct. 21, 1556, in Venice. Italian writer and publicist.

Aretino wrote prose comedies about everyday life, including The Blacksmith (1533), Life at Court (1534), La Talanta (1542), The Hypocrite (1542), and The Philosopher (1546). In these comedies he portrayed a gallery of types representing various strata of feudal Roman Catholic society. He criticized the basic principles of this society from a freethinker’s point of view, which was characteristic of the Renaissance. Aretino’s European fame was created by his five Dialogues, three of which were published under the title Discourses (published in 1534, 1536, and 1539). Two of the Discourses attacked the vices of women, whereas the third cynically depicted the morals at court. Aretino’s verse and prose pamphlets (in the form of “predictions”) were directed against rulers and political figures. Because of his burning satires he became famous as the “scourge of princes” and the father of modern journalism. His correspondence (approximately 3,300 letters) is of special interest, since it provides a picture of Italian social and cultural life during the first half of the 16th century (primarily from 1525 to 1556). In 1558 Aretino’s works were included by the Vatican in its Index of Prohibited Books.

WORKS

Opere complete, a cura di F. Flora. [Milan,] 1960.
Lettere scelta, a cura di S. Ortolani. Turin, 1945.
In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha vozro-zhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Dzhivelegov, A. K. Ocherki ital’ianskogo Vozrozhdeniia. Moscow, 1929.
DeSanktis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1964.
Cleugh, J. The Divine Aretino, Pietro of Arezzo, 1492–1556: A Biography. [London, 1965.] (Contains a bibliography.)

N. B. TOMASHEVSKH

References in periodicals archive ?
Processus de patrimonialisation et politiques de la nourriture traditionnelle dans le Valdamo aretin contemporain.
The committee responsible for assessing the monastic libraries--consisting of Johann Christoph von Aretin, the de facto vice director of the Hofbibliothek, Johann Baptist Bernhart, the Hofbibliothek librarian and committee secretary, Joachim Schubauer, a former monk from Niederaltaich, and Paul Hupfauer from Landshut University Library--was instructed to save all manuscripts, incunables, and literary rarities for the Hofbibliothek.
Karl Otmar von Aretin has characterized the strikingly close cooperation between enlightened middle-class officeholders and members of the upper nobility who were open to reform as a notable "temporary alliance that was only possible within a specific context.
Sandro Magister, La politica vaticana e l'Italia, 1943-1978, 167-75; Von Aretin, The Papacy and the Modern World, 194-96.
14) Karl Otmar Freiherr von Aretin, Das Alte Reich 1648-1806, 3 vols (Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1993-97), i, 38-41.
However, we doubt how far this model is transferable to children and grandchildren of the middle-class resistance against Hitler, as Aretin suggests.
Aretin (Berlin [Ost], 1989), 151-162; Eckart Koester, "'Kultur' versus 'Zivilisation': Thomas Manns Kriegspublizistik als weltanschaulich-asthetische Standortsuche," in Kultur und Krieg: Die Rolle der Intelek-tuellen, Kunstler und Schriftsreller im Ersten Weltkrieg, ed.
Ses ecrits revelent aussi qu'il est lecteur avide d'ecrivains italiens tels que Bandello, Boccace, Aretin, et Machiavel.
For a good overview of the constitution, see von Aretin 1993, chap.
This view was pioneered by Karl Otmar Freiherr von Aretin, Heiliges Romisches Reich, 1776-1806: Reichsverfassung und Staatssouveranitat (Wiesbaden, 1967); Volker Press, `Das Romisch-Deutsche Reich -- ein politisches System in verfassungs- und sozialgeschichtlicher Fragestellung', in Grete Klingenstein und Heinrich Lutz (eds.