Argasidae


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Related to Argasidae: hard tick, tick bite, Soft ticks

Argasidae

[är′gas·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The soft ticks, a family of arachnids in the suborder Ixodides; several species are important as ectoparasites and disease vectors for humans and domestic animals.

Argasidae

 

a family of parasitic ticks of the superfamily Ixodoidea. The body is flattened, oval, and 3–30 mm long. The integument is leathery. Hungry argasidae are gray or yellow-brown in color; after filling up with blood, they become purplish.

There are five genera of Argasidae, containing about 100 species. In the USSR there are 17 species, belonging to three genera: the tick (Argas), Alveonasus, and Ornithodoros. They are distributed in countries with a warm climate; in the USSR they are found in the southern European area, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Kazakhstan.

All Argasidae feed on the blood of terrestrial vertebrates; they hide in the burrows and nests of animals and in holes and cracks in the earth and in buildings; they usually attack their animal hosts at night. When sucking blood, the Argasidae swell up tremendously. They can also go hungry for years. In man, the bites of the Argasidae cause itching and a red blister on the skin. The Argasidae are carriers of a number of animal and human diseases.

REFERENCES

Pospelova-Shtrom, M. V. Kleshchi—ornitodoriny i ikh epidemiologicheskoe znachenie. Moscow, 1953.
Filippova, N. A. “Argasovye kleshchi (Argasidae).” In Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 4. no. 3. Moscow, 1966.
Balashov, Iu. S. Krovososushchie kleshchi (Ixodoidea)— perenoschiki boleznei cheloveka i zhivotnykh. Leningrad, 1967.

A. B. LANGE

References in periodicals archive ?
In order to determine distribution and seasonal activity of Argasidae ticks in the study areas, a tick survey was carried out from the winter of 2002 until December 2003.
Bunlarin 28'i Ixodidae ailesinde 7 soyda diger 4 turu ise Argasidae ailesindeki 3 soyda bulunmaktadir (Tablo 1) (2).
Within this phylum, three families of ticks are currently recognized in the world: 1) Ixodidae (hard ticks), 2) Argasidae (soft ticks), and 3) Nuttalliellidae (a small, curious, little-known group with some characteristics of both hard and soft ticks).