arginine

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arginine

(är`jənĭn), organic compound, one of the 20 amino acidsamino acid
, any one of a class of simple organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in certain cases sulfur. These compounds are the building blocks of proteins.
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 commonly found in animal proteins. Only the l-stereoisomer participates in the biosynthesis of proteins. Its basic side chain adds a positive charge and hence a greater degree of water-solubility to proteins in neutral solution. Although arginine can be synthesized from cellular metabolites, it is usually considered essential to the diet of children for the maintenance of normal rates of growth. Arginine is the direct metabolic precursor of ureaurea
, organic compound that is the principal end product of nitrogen metabolism in most mammals. Urea was the first animal metabolite to be isolated in crystalline form; its crystallization was described in the early 18th cent.
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, the dominant nitrogenous waste product of most mammals. It was discovered in protein in 1895.

arginine

[′ar·jə‚nēn]
(biochemistry)
C6H14N4O2 A colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, essential amino acid of the α-ketoglutaric acid family.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Control of Listeria monocytogenes by lauric arginate on frankfurters formulated with or without lactate/diacetate." Journal of food science 74.
Fairfield, New Jersey-based A&B Ingredients recently announced that its CytoGuard LA, lauric arginate product, yielded a 4-log reduction, or 99.99 percent, in decreasing Salmonella in raw chicken parts.
Pezo et al., "Analytical procedure for the determination of Ethyl Lauroyl Arginate (LAE) to assess the kinetics and specific migration from a new antimicrobial active food packaging", Analytica Chimica Acta, vol.
Scientists at the University of Tennessee examined the potential for improving the heat stability of whey proteins at pH 4 to pH 6 by controlling preheating conditions and adding cationic surfactant lauric arginate. They found that preheating whey proteins at alkaline pH or adding lauric arginate can improve the heat stability of whey protein isolate at pH 4 to pH 6.
MSU researchers recently conduct a test on the use of lauric arginate, a naturally sourced, antimicrobial compound approved by the U.S.
INCI: Pentylene glycol (and) ethyl lauroyl arginate laurate (and) glyceryl laurate
Lauramide arginine ethyl ester (LAE), also known as lauric arginate, is an antimicrobial compound derived from lauric acid and arginine with a broad-spectrum of antimicrobial activity (Rodriguez et al., 2004; Bakal and Diaz, 2005).
He, unusually, improved rapidly in response to definitive therapy for porphyria with haem arginate, even though neurophysiological studies confirmed the presence of axonal necrosis.
Of course, the amino acid precursors to neurotransmitters such as tryptophan, 5-HTP, tyrosine, phenylalanine, GABA, and other amino acids such as phosphatidylserine and glutamine are important, and acetylcholine precursors such as acetyl-L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine arginate, and cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine will help with failing memory, which can be very depressing.
Lauric arginate (LAE), a cationic GRAS-approved surfactant with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, is being investigated as new tool for improving food safety and quality.
Two such substances that have generated immediate widespread interest are glycine propionyl-L-carnitine hydrochloride, USP (GlycoCarn) and acetyl-L-carnitine arginate dihydrochloride (ArginoCarn).
Relation between uroporphyrin excretion, acute attack of hereditary coproporphyria and successful treatment with haem arginate. Clin Sci 1995;88:365-9.