# argument

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## argument

1. Logic
a. a process of deductive or inductive reasoning that purports to show its conclusion to be true
b. formally, a sequence of statements one of which is the conclusion and the remainder the premises
2. Logic an obsolete name for the middle term of a syllogism
3. Maths
a. an element to which an operation, function, predicate, etc., applies, esp the independent variable of a function
b. another name for amplitude (sense 5) of a complex number
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## argument

[′är·gyə·mənt]
(astronomy)
An angle or arc, as in argument of perigee.
(computer science)
A value applied to a procedure, subroutine, or macroinstruction which is required in order to evaluate any of these.
(mathematics)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## argument

(programming)
(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by the caller. For example, in the function definition

square(x) = x * x

x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call

y = square(3+4)

3+4 is the actual argument. This will execute the function square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.

There are many different conventions for passing arguments to functions and procedures including call-by-value, call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need. These affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it is a variable).

Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical notation, written in parentheses after the function name, separated by commas (but see curried function). Arguments to a program are usually given after the command name, separated by spaces, e.g.:

cat myfile yourfile hisfile

Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and "hisfile" are the arguments.

## argument

In programming, a value that is passed between programs, subroutines or functions. Arguments are independent items, or variables, that contain data or codes. When an argument is used to customize a program for a user, it is typically called a "parameter." See argc.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
He went on to chart what he calls "one of the BBC's many instances of brutality" when a producer cut short the career of an unnamed group after losing an arguement with their manager.
As their customers have come to understand that potential, ERP companies have been forced to react, in many cases stepping back from that classic marketing arguement and demonstrating that they embrace web services - albeit tentatively.
One arguement for creating a unified command for Sub-Saharan Africa is that foreign policy in Africa has been reactive rather than proactive, causing the military to undertake a continuing series of contingency operations.
For example, the third statment contains the psychological constructs of "secure," "relaxed" and "confident." As the arguement goes, the athlete might feel secure and confident, but not relaxed, and therefore would not know how to respond to this statement on a 7-point scale.
I get into an arguement with these writers -- I personally know some writers that wrote books and I tell them -- they get very upset with me, because I tell them, it's nice that you're doing this, but why don't you tell the truth.
The arguement that flexibility can be a valuable step towards job creation is borne out on an overall basis for some kinds of flexibility in many countries, but even in those countries there is a substantial minority of cases where job loss is linked to increased flexibility.
Here a semiotics of costume might have strengthened his arguement.
Immersed in the long and noble history he is sharing, he is content simply to state "what is" without marshalling evaluative arguement. All "facts" (which sometimes are opinions) appear to have equal weight.
His arguement uses the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger perfect correlations (see Greenberger et al.
Judge Keeton rejected both strands of the standardization arguement. He did not see the same degree of similarity between the Visicalc and Lotus interfaces as Paperback did--but more significantly, was not persuaded by the incremental improvement argument.
If you were looking for a reason to convince your Twenty20 fan friends why test cricket hasn't lost it's sparkle, the last week would have been the perfect example to build such an arguement. Five days created heroes, villains, drama and heartbreak, and left England feeling just as drained as an Australian side that was given little to no hope of winning in the run up to the start of the series.

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