Branchiura

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Branchiura

[‚braŋ·kē′yu̇r·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
The fish lice, a subclass of fish ectoparasites in the class Crustacea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Branchiura

 

(carp lice), an order of crustaceans, comprising six genera with 130 species, including the genus Argulus with 109species. The Branchiura parasitize the bodies and gills of fish and sometimes amphibians. Their body length measures up to 3 cm. They are dioecious. Nearly completely formed crustaceans hatch from eggs laid by the female. Branchiura are temporary parasites and bloodsuckers. Certain species, such as Argulus foliaceus, A. coregoni, and A. japonicus, cause significant damage to commercial pisciculture; their massive invasions bring about the death of fry and adult fish. Countermeasures include improving the oxygen content of bodies of water and using pesticides such as chlorophos.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Redescription of Argulus melanostictus (Branchiura: Argulidae), a parasite of California grunion (Leuresthes tenuis.
Argulus hylae, especie nova de Argulidae parasita de girino.
Studies on the structure of the sucker and seasonal incidence of Argulus foliaceus (L., 1758) on some freshwater fishes (Branchiura, Argulidae).