argument

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argument

1. Logic
a. a process of deductive or inductive reasoning that purports to show its conclusion to be true
b. formally, a sequence of statements one of which is the conclusion and the remainder the premises
2. Logic an obsolete name for the middle term of a syllogism
3. Maths
a. an element to which an operation, function, predicate, etc., applies, esp the independent variable of a function
b. another name for amplitude (sense 5) of a complex number

argument

[′är·gyə·mənt]
(astronomy)
An angle or arc, as in argument of perigee.
(computer science)
A value applied to a procedure, subroutine, or macroinstruction which is required in order to evaluate any of these.

argument

(programming)
(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by the caller. For example, in the function definition

square(x) = x * x

x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call

y = square(3+4)

3+4 is the actual argument. This will execute the function square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.

There are many different conventions for passing arguments to functions and procedures including call-by-value, call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need. These affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it is a variable).

Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical notation, written in parentheses after the function name, separated by commas (but see curried function). Arguments to a program are usually given after the command name, separated by spaces, e.g.:

cat myfile yourfile hisfile

Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and "hisfile" are the arguments.

argument

In programming, a value that is passed between programs, subroutines or functions. Arguments are independent items, or variables, that contain data or codes. When an argument is used to customize a program for a user, it is typically called a "parameter." See argc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first question is extremely important because the technology of the invention constitutes a set of facts supporting the argument.
The Function Arguments dialog will switch over to help you build the MATCH function.
Considering that at least six representatives from among the public and private respondents are slated to do their presentations, it is anticipated that it will take more than one hearing day to complete the oral arguments, Elamparo said.
When my doctoral advisor at the University of Georgia, Jerry Hale, handed me Johnson and Roloff's (1998) piece on serial arguments in 2000, I read it and heard that "ping.
6) This letter invites the parties to participate in oral argument of 15 minutes or less to the side, directing counsel to respond to the tentative opinion and avoid "unreasonable" repetition of arguments made in the briefs and prohibiting supplemental briefing.
Instead, Balaguer looks to defeat the arguments for determinism on their own turf--with philosophy and science.
Aim for listening for 75 percent of the conversation and giving your own arguments 25 percent.
In fact, if adding premises to independent and valid arguments were desirable, we could add not only the first premise of (2) but any other statement, and, as long as we kept in mind that we were dealing with a case of subalternation, we should not have any problem retaining the claim of validity.
Part 3 of the book focuses on knowledge arguments in philosophy of mind.
If you're spoiling for a good argument, you may meet your match in Kathleen Farrell's office.
Arguments will be posted and available for viewing on the Web site no later than the day after the hearing, according to the court's press release.
Supporters submitted 69 pages of arguments and opponents turned in 48 arguments against it, for a total of 117 arguments.

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