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(är`go͞on`), Mandarin Ergun, river, 950 mi (1,529 km) long, rising in the Da Hinggan Mts., Heilongjiang prov., NE China, as the Hailar River and flowing W to the Russian border, then NE along the Russian-China frontier, where it joins the Shilka River to form the Amur. The Chinese Eastern RR, a branch of the Trans-Siberian RR, follows the upper Argun valley. Hailar, China, is the largest city on the river. Corn, grains, and sugar beets are grown in the fertile Argun valley. Silver, lead, and coal are found along the river banks.



a city in Shala Raion, Chechen-Ingush ASSR. Located on the Argun River (Terek Basin), with a railroad station on the Groznyi-Makhachkala line. Population, 22,000 (1968). Argun has a meat combine, sugar refinery, food-processing machinery plant, house-building combine, reinforced concrete products plant, and a heat and electric power station.



a river in the Northern Caucasus; right tributary of the Suizha River. It is 148 km long, and the area of its basin is 3,390 sq km.

The Argun begins as the outflow of several glaciers on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus. In its lower reaches it flows through a valley. It is fed by various sources and usually does not entirely freeze over. The city of Argun is located along the river.



a river in the USSR and China. After its confluence with the Shilka River, it forms the Amur River. It is 1,620 km long, and its basin is 164,000 sq km. It rises in the Great Khinghan Mountains in China, where it is called the Hailar. At its source it flows through a broad valley with an extensive floodplain, but the valley narrows closer to its mouth. It is fed mostly by rain.

In years of abundant precipitation it joins with the Dalainor lake basin. It freezes at the end of November, and the ice breaks up at the beginning of May. Its chief tributaries are the Urov, Uriumkan, and Gazimur on the left; and the Ken and Niu-erh rivers on the right. The navigability of the river is irregular.

The Argun’ is inhabited by around 60 species of fish, including commercial varieties such as the white amur, sazan, and Siberian salmon. Since the second half of the 17th century, trade routes have followed the Argun’ from Siberia to the centers of eastern China.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1963, Swedish botanist Vivi Tackholm, who was leading a team of Cairo University researchers to Dungul Oasis, found a lone argun palm and half a dozen small seedlings there.
They also advanced Argun efforts to arm Palestinian Jews and help European refugees break through the British blockade of Palestine.
Argun police chief Ali Tagirov said the attack team killed Sadulayev when he resisted arrest.
There was always the right equipment and fight amount of personnel to download and marshal the cargo, thanks to Aslihan Dogu, the team's port service caller; Tevfik Moran and Argun Nardal, of GEDVEC Services; and Paul Tadlock, camp manager, of Brown & Root Services.
Sept 17: In Argun, Chechnya, a car bomb destroys an admin building.
A post-operative war council was held in Alkhan Yurt, where it was decided that the Chechen forces would retreat into the inaccessible Vedeno and Argun gorges in the southern moutains to carry on a classic hit-and-run guerrilla war against the more powerful Russians.
The Argun and Vedeno Gorges cut deep into these mountains and served as major supply and movement corridors for the Chechen fighters.
The recent investigation was launched based on a complaint from Okyanus Group CEO Nusret Argun, who in the 2008 investigation was convicted on 73 separate charges including forming a criminal organization, forgery, tender-rigging and bribery and sentenced to more than 180 years in jail.
A resident of Argun district, Mujahid Wazirzoy, said the radio station should have been transferred to the Afghan government during the security transition.
The combined force supported by air force conducted operation against Taliban in Mirzak area between Argun and Sar Rowza districts, killing 60 Taliban, said Mukhlis Afghan, spokesman for Paktika governor.
Later, Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs Abdullah al-Dardari and Argun reviewed the outcomes of the joint Syrian-Turkish industrial committee and agreement signed to promote joint work.
Goldman Sachs energy strategist Argun Murti is warning prices of crude oil could soar to EUR200 per barrel in as little as six months from now.