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(är`go͞on`), Mandarin Ergun, river, 950 mi (1,529 km) long, rising in the Da Hinggan Mts., Heilongjiang prov., NE China, as the Hailar River and flowing W to the Russian border, then NE along the Russian-China frontier, where it joins the Shilka River to form the Amur. The Chinese Eastern RR, a branch of the Trans-Siberian RR, follows the upper Argun valley. Hailar, China, is the largest city on the river. Corn, grains, and sugar beets are grown in the fertile Argun valley. Silver, lead, and coal are found along the river banks.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Shala Raion, Chechen-Ingush ASSR. Located on the Argun River (Terek Basin), with a railroad station on the Groznyi-Makhachkala line. Population, 22,000 (1968). Argun has a meat combine, sugar refinery, food-processing machinery plant, house-building combine, reinforced concrete products plant, and a heat and electric power station.



a river in the Northern Caucasus; right tributary of the Suizha River. It is 148 km long, and the area of its basin is 3,390 sq km.

The Argun begins as the outflow of several glaciers on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus. In its lower reaches it flows through a valley. It is fed by various sources and usually does not entirely freeze over. The city of Argun is located along the river.



a river in the USSR and China. After its confluence with the Shilka River, it forms the Amur River. It is 1,620 km long, and its basin is 164,000 sq km. It rises in the Great Khinghan Mountains in China, where it is called the Hailar. At its source it flows through a broad valley with an extensive floodplain, but the valley narrows closer to its mouth. It is fed mostly by rain.

In years of abundant precipitation it joins with the Dalainor lake basin. It freezes at the end of November, and the ice breaks up at the beginning of May. Its chief tributaries are the Urov, Uriumkan, and Gazimur on the left; and the Ken and Niu-erh rivers on the right. The navigability of the river is irregular.

The Argun’ is inhabited by around 60 species of fish, including commercial varieties such as the white amur, sazan, and Siberian salmon. Since the second half of the 17th century, trade routes have followed the Argun’ from Siberia to the centers of eastern China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[20.] Batygin Yu.V., Gnatov A.V., Argun Sch.V., Chaplygin Ye.A., Gopko A.V., Drobinin A.M.
Argun, Turkey in Germany: The Transnational Sphere of Deutschkei, Routledge, 2003; Eva Ostergaard-Nielsen, Transnational Politics: The Case Of Turks And Kurds in Germany, Routledge, 2003.
Sertac Argun Kivanc (*), Merih Kivanc (**), Volkan Kilic (**), Gulay Gullulu (***), Ahmet Tuncer Ozmen (*)
The saplings of Alestonia , Silver Oak, Legustornea, Argun and Gab bets etc would be planted in different areas of Islamabad.
Apprising the Chairman CDA, Member Environment Sanaullah Aman said that this year, CDA has planned to plant 300,000 saplings, however, with the collaboration of NGOs and different institutions 450,000 plants including Alestonia , Silver Oak, Legustornea, Argun and Gab bets etc would be planted in different areas of Islamabad.
including Alestonia, Silver Oak, Legustornea, Argun and Gab bets etc
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Cleaning company owner Abdullah Yyldyrym, who testified in court as part of an investigation launched based on a complaint from Okyanus Group CEO Nusret Argun, said police officers encouraged him to make accusations about the faith-based GE-len movement during interrogation.
In different parts of the Islamic world Waqf revenues benefited many famous hospitals, including Al-Mustansiri in Makka, Argun al-Kamili in Aleppo, and the hospitals of Madina, Tunis, Ray, Granada and Marrakech.
Some 20 young people suspected of plotting the attack have been captured in Argun, a town located 10 kilometers (six miles) from the Chechen capital of Grozny.
Russians or their agents have killed Dzokhar Dudaev in 1996, Zelimkhan Yaderbiyev in 1997, Aslan Maskhadov in Tolstoy-Yurt in 2005, Abdul-Halim Sadulayev in Argun in 2006, and Doku Umarov in 2013.
The Shianbei were originally from the area south of the Argun river in present-day Inner Mongolia.