Gjirokastër

(redirected from Argyrokastro)

Gjirokastër

(gyĭrôkäs`tər) or

Gjinokastër

(gyēnô–), Gr. Argyrokastron, It. Argirocastro, town (1989 pop. 24,207), capital of Gjirokastër dist., S Albania. A commercial center, it produces foodstuffs, leather, and textiles. There are several 18th-century mosques and churches and an old citadel (rebuilt in the 19th cent.) in the town. Dating probably from the 4th cent., Gjirokastër passed to the Turks in the 15th cent. It was captured (1811) by Ali Pasha and was the center (late 1800s) of anti-Turkish resistance. In World War II it was occupied by Italy, Greece, and Germany in succession. Enver HoxhaHoxha, Enver
, 1908–85, Albanian Communist leader and general. A founder (1941) of the Albanian Communist party (Albanian Labor party from 1948), Hoxha headed the radical resistance group in Italian-occupied Albania during World War II.
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, the Albanian Communist party leader, was born there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Representatives of the Greek Ministry of Defense, the Embassy of Greece in Tirana, and the Union of Relatives and Friends of Persons attended the ceremony, danced by Metropolitan Argyrokastro Mr Dimitriou.
She was born in Douviani, Argyrokastro Northern Epirus, Albania.
By early December the three major towns of southern Albania - Korytsa, Argyrokastro and Aghioi Saranta - had been captured and the occupied areas were administered as part of the Greek state.
The exact size of the Greek-speaking minority in this region is hard to determine, but in Gjirokaster itself it is very large and many of the inhabitants refer to the town as "Argyrokastro." The great British archeologist Nicholas Hammond, who walked this entire area, found countless traces linking it to ancient Epirus.