Pigeon Pea

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pigeon Pea


(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As a matter of fact, of all the varieties of pulses, arhar is the most common variety that is consumed in all the countries of South Asia.
Similarly, he set up a dal making unit and bought the arhar grain produced by the people around, which was their major source of protein.
We examine seven agricultural wholesale price series: rice, wheat, maize, bajra, jowar, black gram and arhar. The price series have been collected from the publications of the Central Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
The individuals interviewed by Kamolova have confirmed not only the President had visited the game reserve, but that he shot at the arhar while some say he killed the animal and others that he missed.
Arhar dal or red gram, in particular, a crucial element in the Indian vegetarian diet is grown across the world.
Arhar (tur) and urad saw among steepest price increase of 65.36 per cent and 62.89 per cent respectively, with MSP for arhar fixed at Rs5,675 per quintal over input cost of Rs3,432 per quintal and for urad at Rs5,600 per quintal over input cost of Rs3,438.
Traders said fresh stockists buying on the back of pick up in demand from retailers, mainly led to the rise in moth and arhar prices.
Similarly, the rate of arhar has also gone up to around ` 150 a kg in the wholesale market while gram dal prices have gone up from ` 55 per kg to ` 70.
The price of betel leaves (16 percent), arhar (2 percent) and pork and barley (1 percent each) declined.
However, the price of betel leaves (16%), arhar (2%) and pork and barley (1% each) declined.
Arhar and its dal dara variety also weakened by Rs 50 and Rs 100 to Rs 3,650 and Rs 5,700-7,500 per quintal, respectively.