Arica


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Arica

(ärē`kä), city (1992 pop. 170,064), N Chile, on the Pacific Ocean, just south of the Peruvian border and at the northern limit of the Atacama DesertAtacama Desert
, arid region, c.600 mi (970 km) long, N Chile, extending south from the border of Peru. The desert itself, c.2,000 ft (610 m) above sea level, is a series of dry salt basins flanked on the W by the Pacific coastal range, averaging c.
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. Peru ceded Arica to Chile after the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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). With the settlement of the Tacna-Arica ControversyTacna-Arica Controversy
, 1883–1929, dispute between Chile and Peru. It arose from provisions of the Treaty of Ancón (1883), which ended the War of the Pacific (see Pacific, War of the).
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 in 1929, Chile retained sovereignty over the city but was required to furnish complete port facilities to Peru. The district of Arica is now a free zone where both Chile and Peru maintain customshouses. The city is a resort and a port through which the mineral exports (chiefly copper, tin, and sulfur) of both countries are shipped. Like much of Chile, Arica is subject to powerful earthquakes; particularly devastating earthquakes and tsunamis occurred in 1868 and 1877.
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Arica

a port in extreme N Chile: awarded to Chile in 1929 after the lengthy Tacna-Arica dispute with Peru; outlet for Bolivian and Peruvian trade. Pop.: 180 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Arica y Parinacota es actualmente la region de Chile que limita al norte con Peru, al este con Bolivia y al oeste con el oceano Pacifico.
According to the US Geological Survey, the earthquake struck about 60 kilometres east of Arica at a depth of 120 kilometres.
Second-hand clothing is a good business, too, in Iquique as well as Arica. Yes International, a clothing seller in Arica, buys from 36 cities in the United States and Canada.
"I know that there are large groups in Chile interested in the port, but they possibly don't have the experience and the knowledge that 1 have with Bolivia," says Jose Saavedra Banzer, operator of the FCALP railroad that links Arica and La Paz and nephew of former Bolivian President Hugo Banzer.
Bolivia's general political and economic upheaval also convinced Abdalla's company, Incomat, to build its furniture plant at the Arica port, Chiles fourth-largest in terms of tons handled, right on the Peruvian border and a short drive from Bolivia.