Arif Qazvini, Abulkasem

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arif Qazvini, Abulkasem


Born 1882, in Kazvin; died 1933, in Hamadan. Persian poet-democrat. Received a religious education.

Arif Qazvini was the creator of the genre of political tasnif (popular romance) and ghazal. Two hundred of his verses were collected in a divan (Berlin, 1924). He participated in the Revolution of 1905–11 in Iran and wrote and performed tasnifs with revolutionary content. In the 1920’s he gave concerts and worked on the newspaper Nahid. He later led a solitary life in Hamadan. Qazvini’s poetry combines elements of popular songs with traditional classical verse. The traditional models were newly interpreted in his political ghazals.


Chaikin, K. Kratkii ocherk noveishei persidskoi literatury. Moscow, 1924.
Vorozheikina, Z. N. Iredzh Mirza, Zhizn’ i tvorchestvo. Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.