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(ərĭk`ərə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent. A semisedentary group, they lived in earth-covered lodges. In winter they hunted buffalo, returning to their villages for spring planting; the Arikara were influential in bringing agricultural knowledge from the Southwest to the prehistoric peoples of the upper Missouri River. They traded corn with hunting tribes in return for buffalo hides and meat, and they were active in bartering with early white traders, who frequently called them the Rees. They were closely associated with the MandanMandan
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri
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 and the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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; these three tribes now share the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. There were some 1,600 Arikara in the United States in 1990.


See D. J. Lehmer, Arikara Archaeology (1968); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The acreage that we tied up in these JVs, particularly the Monarch JV that we operate, is on the same geological structure that runs through our Arikaree Creek and Snow King fields.
With the formation of these JVs, we will now be combining over 64,000 acres on and around similar structures to what Nighthawk has developed successfully in the Arikaree Creek and Snow King fields and will be collaborating to create value for both companies.
The review also confirmed that Nighthawk's past drilling success in its Arikaree Creek field has already resulted in a five-fold return on invested capital and the Company believes that its new well and recompletion inventory offers similar potential.
Nighthawk's analysis suggests reserves are enhanced by recent recompletion successes in the Pennsylvanian age formation in the Arikaree Creek field, continued stable production from existing producing Spergen wells and recent well successes at Arikaree Creek further de-risking the structure.
After drilling the Snowbird 16-15 well, the rig was moved on to the Blackcomb 3-14 development well at Arikaree Creek where it is currently drilling ahead.
Success at Blackcomb wells opens up additional potential in the southern lobe of the Arikaree Creek oil-field
As previously indicated, production was affected by planned pressure build up tests and routine maintenance work at Arikaree Creek.
The Blackcomb 12-14 well at Arikaree Creek commenced production on 1 September 2014.
The Blackcomb 5-14 well at Arikaree Creek was drilled to a depth of 8,365 feet and successfully encountered the Mississippian Spergen oil pay zone.
The Salen location is north-east of Arikaree Creek and like the Jackson Hole 1-32 well, it is aimed at evaluating the trends in both the Pennsylvanian and Mississippian formations at a distance away from Arikaree Creek.