(redirected from Arios)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Theologian, Presbyter


(ərī`əs, âr`ē–), c.256–336, Libyan theologian, founder of the Arian heresy. A parish priest in Alexandria, he advanced the doctrine famous as ArianismArianism
, Christian heresy founded by Arius in the 4th cent. It was one of the most widespread and divisive heresies in the history of Christianity. As a priest in Alexandria, Arius taught (c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and was excommunicated locally (321). He was declared orthodox in Asia Minor, where he had fled (323), but he was anathematized by the Council of Nicaea (see Nicaea, First Council ofNicaea, First Council of,
325, 1st ecumenical council, convened by Roman Emperor Constantine the Great to solve the problems raised by Arianism. It has been said that 318 persons attended, but a more likely number is 225, including every Eastern bishop of importance, four
..... Click the link for more information.
) and banished by Roman Emperor Constantine (325). But in the reaction after Nicaea, he came into imperial favor. The emperor had ordered the Athanasians (see Athanasius, SaintAthanasius, Saint
, c.297–373, patriarch of Alexandria (328–73), Doctor of the Church, great champion of orthodoxy during the Arian crisis of the 4th cent. (see Arianism).
..... Click the link for more information.
) at Alexandria to receive him at communion when he suddenly died.


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Christian doctrine that is now considered traditional usually did not arrive on the scene fully developed. At one point, controversy surrounded much of what is accepted and cherished today. A study of controversies, debates, church councils, and resulting creeds reveals an evolving process of what has come to be known as systematic theology. Because the losers were usually declared heretical, many of their arguments have been lost to the general churchgoing public. But a few votes one way or another at critical times in the councils of church history might have completely changed the way Christian doctrine is understood today. Although by modern standards some of these debates may seem quite trivial and inconsequential, at the time people were willing to, and often did, put their lives on the line.

An example of this process is seen in an early but significant debate sparked by the teaching of Arius, one of the most prestigious and popular presbyters, or Christian leaders, of the city of Alexandria. Now called the Arian controversy, it led directly to the first great ecumenical, or universal, council of the church. Meeting in Nicea, a city in Asia Minor, a council of, according to some records, 318 bishops met in 325 CE. As a result of its debate, the council drafted the famous Nicene Creed, still used regularly as a statement of faith in many churches. Its specific declaration sounds stilted to modern ears, but it was a very exact and debated point:

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, begotten of the Father from all time: God from God, Light from Light, very God from very God, begotten, not made, one in being with the Father. Through Him all things were made.... He was crucified for us.... He suffered, died and was buried... He descended into hell... He arose on the third day.... He entered into heaven and is seated on the right hand of the Father... From thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead.

The debate began with controversy over the logical consequences resulting from biblical interpretation. The text that best illustrates the controversy is found in the Gospel of John, chapter 1:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him and without Him was not anything made that was made. In Him was light, and the light was the life of men... and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.

When the first Christians began to preach their message, Roman intelligentsia often considered them ignorant atheists because they had no visible gods. Christians countered these claims with arguments of the Greek philosophers. The apostle Paul once argued that the Greek "unknown god," the god believed to be above the Cosmos, was in fact the Christian God (Acts 17). This no doubt appealed to the Athenians. But it was a dangerous argument because it removed from theology the argument of revelation preached by the prophets and other biblical writers. It moved the discussion about the nature of God to the field of analytical argument. Since Greek philosophy postulated perfection as immutable, impassable, and fixed, these attributes came to be accepted as the God of scripture.

So where does "the Word" of John's Gospel fit in? Arius's view, phrased in his words, said, "there was when He was not." In other words, first and always came the immutable God, then, proceeding from God, came "the Word." Since "the Word became flesh and dwelt among us," it logically follows that "the Word," the voice of God, was Jesus. So there must have been a time when Jesus "was not."

Alexander, Bishop of Egypt, decreed this heretical. He taught that Jesus existed eternally with the Father. It is important to understand that both sides believed "the Word" existed before the incarnation. Arius, however, believed that "the Word" was the first creation of God, made before anything else.

Put simply, if asked to build a fence between God and Creation, Arius would put "the Word" on the Creation side of the fence, while his opposition would place "the Word" on the side of the eternal Father.

Both sides, of course, had proof texts and logical arguments. But Arius lost, and the result was what now is understood as the doctrine of the Trinity. Arius believed such a result violated the concept of one God—monotheism. Those who came to be known as Trinitarians believed they had answered the question by pointing out that God is one, expressed in three "persons"—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit— separate, equal, and one.

This is the concept the bishops tried to express in the Creed of Nicea, composing in detail the awkward but specific description of Jesus Christ as "begotten of the Father" but "from all eternity." He was "very God from very God" and "one in being with the Father," but "through Him all things were made." In other words, Jesus, the second entity of the Trinity, existed before Creation, and is, indeed, God.


?250--336 ad, Greek Christian theologian, originator of the doctrine of Arianism
References in periodicals archive ?
A maior parte dos itens relacionados a higiene e a estrutura do ambiente e area fisica de Unidades de Alimentacao Escolar (Uane) foi classificada em situacao de risco entre alto e muito alto (Tabela 2), sendo observado que os azulejos encontravam-se rachados e com a presenca de sujidades, tetos nao apresentavam forros, as paredes estavam com a pintura descascando e com mofo, as lumin arias sem nenhuma prote c ao e arm arios enferrujados, quebrados e em quantidades insuficientes.
Aun asi, haciendo un poco de historia, 1963 no fue particularmente un buen ario.
Sin embargo, ambos coinciden en la importancia otorgada al elemento racial ario, tal y como se aprecia en los siguientes fragmentos extraidos de dos de las obras de Melida: "A la inteligente raza aria pertenecian los pobladores de la Grecia (.
Posteriormente, esta sociedad se constituyo con los cuatro grupos principales, que dejaron de lado la connotacion del color de piel, se mezclaron con los pueblos ya asentados previamente, los no arios, y luego formaron la sociedad hindu, ya que la religion hindu es una forma de vida.
Sin embargo, desde hace tres arios ha crecido vertiginosamente La Familia Michoacana, grupo criminal que anuncio su presencia en su estado de origen mediante desplegados periodisticos.
En particular, estipula prision de 30 a 60 arios y la baja de la fuerza armada para el personal que se incorpore al crimen organizado.
En realidad, la ruptura fue a principios de ario, pero ambos han querido llevar la situacion con discrecion, pensando en sus dos hijos: Nicolas, de casi once arios, y Julia, de seis.
Se espera que reduzca el indice de desempleo en un 1,5% genere US$350 millones al ano en ingresos fiscales y haga crecer el PIB annual el 2,5% durante sus primeros arios de operacion, segun Arteta.
Por una parte sajones, arios y caucasicos, alhajero de riquezas morales, y por la otra latinos, arabes, asiaticos y africanos, depositos ambulantes de inmundicia y de porqueria.
Maricela Ancheta Campos, de la operadora turistica Nanch, orgarliza viajes a cuevas que sirvieron de refugio a los insurgentes en los arios 80.
El Chapo, El Mayo, El Pozolero y otros narcos son como los nazis, suponemos que por el tipo de arios que se cargan.
humos que invadieron poblados ciudades y provocaron enfermedades respiratorias v cardiacas con desenlaces fatales en arios casos, perdidas enormes de cosechas -lo que provoco el cese de la venta del trigo al extranjero- poca visibilidad en las carreteras lo que ocasiono numerosos accidentes automovilisticos, cancelacion de vuelos aereos asi como de juegos de futbol.