Aristide Briand


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Briand, Aristide

 

Born Mar. 28, 1862, in Nantes; died Mar. 7, 1932, in Paris. French statesman and diplomat. Lawyer by profession.

Briand participated in the socialist movement from the 1880’s. In 1902 he was elected to the parliament. In 1906 he joined the bourgeois government and was consequently expelled from the Socialist Party. He then joined the group of “independent socialists” (called the Republican Socialist Party since 1911). From 1909 to 1931 he was prime minister 11 times (in particular, 1909-11, 1913, 1915-17, and 1921 to January 1922) and minister of foreign affairs 17 times (in particular, 1915-17, 1921-22, and 1925-31). On the eve of and during World War I (1914-18) he pursued a policy of strengthening the Entente. After the collapse of the anti-Soviet intervention, he advocated a more flexible policy toward the Soviet state. From 1925 to 1931 he favored an accommodation with Germany. He was one of the initiators of the Locarno Conference of 1925, of the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, and of a plan for creating a “pan-Europe.” He covered an imperialist policy with pacifist phrases and won the reputation of a peacemaker in the West. In 1931, realizing the instability of the European system of alliances and the growing danger from Germany, Briand took steps to conclude a Franco-Soviet nonaggression treaty.

REFERENCE

Kniazhinskii, V. B. Proval planov “ob’edineniia Evropy.” Moscow, 1958.
Suares, G. Briand, sa vie, son oeuvre, vols. 1-6. Paris, 1938—52.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Cleaning the premises of the building at 3 rue Aristide Briand
Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand signed the pact Aug.
Kellogg and French Prime Minister Aristide Briand signed the pact Aug.
Cnrs - ile de france delegation meudon / logistics and technical department, 1 place aristide briand 92195 meudon cedex
restoration work of the residence aristide briand including 49 dwellings at 132 rue aristide briand in levallois-perret (92300).
Contract notice: study for the development of the alsace lorraine boulevard to accommodate school buses and improvement of intermodal links with the station area and aristide briand square
Contract notice: construction of a building of 24 collective rental housing pli at 121 - 121 bis, rue aristide briand in levallois (92300)
Contract notice: project management mission for the construction of approximately 25 rental housing units 90-92 bd aristide briand in montreuil
Contract notice: project management mission for the construction of about 25 rental units 90-92 bd aristide briand in montreuil reference number: 19pas002
a project management consultation is organized with a view to: The creation of offices for the consolidation of all the regional clusters of the direccte (regional directorate for enterprise, Competition, Consumer affairs, Labor and employment); Employment) at a single site at 14 avenue aristide briand, Rouen.
A project management consultation is organized with a view to: the development of offices for the consolidation of all the regional centers of the direccte (regional directorate for enterprises, competition, consumer affairs, labor and employment); on the same site at 14 avenue aristide briand, rouen.