Aristolochia


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aristolochia

 

a genus of plants of the family Aristolochiaceae (birthwort). The plants are perennial herbs, often with climbing stems, and woody lianas. The leaves are alternate and cordate. The flowers are in the axil. The perianth, which is irregular, corolliform, tubular, and inflated at the base, generally has an entire ligulate fold at the top. There are six stamens, adnate to the style. The flowers are adapted for cross-pollination by insects. There are approximately 350 species (according to other data, up to 500), distributed in the tropical and, more rarely, temperate regions. In the USSR there are seven species, the best-known being Aristolochia clematitis, which grows in the forests, thickets, and meadows of the Caucasus and the central and southern European USSR; this species is poisonous. Dutchman’s-pipe (A. macrophylla, formerly A. sipho) is cultivated as an ornamental climbing plant.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en la actualizacion taxonomica, nomenclatural y corologica de las especies panamenas de Aristolochia.
Methodology for identifying aristolochic acids present in Aristolochia chilensis has been defined and established.
aeneas (Papilioninae), formando un grupo basal de las mariposas diurnas, estan asociadas a Piper aduncum, Aristolochia ruiziana y A.
Khanam, "Aristolochia indica whole plant extract as an Antineoplastic agent," Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.
El genero ha sido dividido en tres subgeneros monofileticos, Aristolochia, Pararistolochia Hutch.
polydamas, evident due to the large number of host plant species chosen by females during oviposition, suggests that many species of Aristolochia might be suitable as food sources for its larvae.
Remedies: Aloe, Ambra, Androctonus, Aristolochia, Aurum Sulphuricum, Azadirachta, Baryta lodata, Baryta Sulphurica, Cereus Serpentinus, Cicuta, Coca, Coceinum, Comocladia, Curare, Cycloamen, Fumaria, Gratiola, Homarus, Hura, Hydrastus, Hydrocotyle, Indolum, Kola nut, Lac Defloratum, Laurocerasus, Ledum, Mandragora, Mephites, Ocimum sanctum, Rhus glabra, Secale, Sepia, Skatolum, Solanum Tuberosum Aegrotans, Spirea.
They encompass a diverse group of more than 200 structures with restricted occurrence in certain higher plant taxa belonging to species Aristolochia, Argemone, Ceratocapnos, Chelidonium, Corydalis, Cynanchum, Dicentra, Fumaria, Papaver, Pergularia, Platycapnos, Rupicapnos, Sarcocapnos, Sanguinera, and Tylophora (Sato 2013; Nakagawa, et al., 2013; Egydio et al., 2013; Dembitsky 2008; Zdarilova et al.
1998 "Cytotic and Antimicrobial Principles from the Roots of Aristolochia longa." International Journal of Crude Drug Resources, Vol.