Born 825; died 880. Japanese poet; wrote in the tanka genre.
Ariwara was famous for his elegant romantic and nature lyrics; many of his tankas were included in official court anthologies—Kokinwakashu (tenth century) and others. A separate collection of his poems, Ariwara-asonshu, has been preserved. The image of Ariwara and his adventures often served as material for tales, narratives, and dramas. They provide the basis for the plot of the novella Ise monogatari, which also included his poems.