Richard Arkwright

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Richard Arkwright
BirthplacePreston, Lancashire, England
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
EducationTaught to read and write by his cousin Ellen Arkwright
Known for inventing the factory Spinning frame. Water frame. Carding engine
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arkwright, Richard


Born 1732; died 1792. English entrepreneur in the textile industry.

Formerly a barber, Arkwright began inventing in 1767. He appropriated a mechanical spinning frame invented by the English mechanic T. Highs (or Hayes) and received a patent on it in 1769. He developed a system of enterprises and constructed the first spinning factories in Britain which were equipped with water-powered engines (water frames). Subsequently he introduced into the spinning industry a number of improvements directed at the mechanization of the spinning process.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.