Arles


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Arles

(ärl), city (1990 pop. 52,543), Bouches-du-Rhône dept., S central France, in ProvenceProvence
, region and former province, SE France. It encompasses what now are Var, Vaucluse, and Bouches-du-Rhône depts. and (in part) Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes depts.
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, on the Rhône River delta. Arles is an important railroad, shipping, agriculture, and industrial center with varied manufactures. It was a flourishing Roman town (Arelate) and the metropolis of Gaul in the late Roman Empire. Constantine I convoked (314) a synod at Arles that condemned DonatismDonatism
, schismatic movement among Christians of N Africa (fl. 4th cent.), led by Donatus, bishop of Casae Nigrae (fl. 313), and the theologian Donatus the Great or Donatus Magnus (d. 355).
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; Constantine II was born there. Arles was an archiepiscopal see from the 4th cent. until 1790 and the seat of many synods. It became (879) the capital of Provence and (933) of the kingdom of ArlesArles, kingdom of,
was formed in 933, when Rudolf II, king of Transjurane Burgundy, united the kingdom of Provence or Cisjurane Burgundy to his lands and established his capital at Arles.
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 (see separate article). In the 12th cent. it became a free city governed by an elected podestat, who appointed the consuls and other magistrates. Arles retained its special status until the French Revolution. Among its noteworthy attractions are a Roman arena (2d cent. A.D.), seating 26,000 and now used for bullfights; a Roman theater (1st or 2d cent. A.D.); the Aliscamps [i.e., Elysian Fields], remains of a Roman cemetery; the Church of St. Trophime (11th–15th cent.; formerly a cathedral); the town hall (17th cent.); and the Museon Arlaten, a museum of Provençal culture and folklore, installed in a 16th-century mansion by Frédéric Mistral, who was born near Arles. Arles has attracted many painters, notably Van Gogh and Gauguin.

Arles

1. a city in SE France, on the Rhône: Roman amphitheatre. Pop.: 50 513 (1999)
2. Kingdom of. a kingdom in SE France which had dissolved by 1378: known as the Kingdom of Burgundy until about 1200
References in periodicals archive ?
Located less than an hour from Marseille, Arles is a stunning, small city of 53,000 inhabitants with wide blue skies and yellow shuttered facades.
In the Arles volume, the catalogued material (1084 pieces in 1058 entries) was chosen by Foy from the very large quantity of glass in the Musee departemental to represent the range of forms present in the life of the city and irs cemeteries; it includes small fragments of vessels not found in burials to emphasise the use of everyday glass vessels.
We sailed north first on the Saone, through Trevoux, Macon, Tournus and Chalon, then south on the Rhone to La Voulte, Viviers and the Roman towns of Arles and Avignon, finishing back in Lyon.
Art historians consider this period in van Gogh's career to be the most prolific: the outpouring of work in his mature style is astonishing, and many paintings from this short span of time have become icons of western art: View of Arles with Irises in the Foreground; The Zouave; Portrait of Joseph Roulin; Oleanders; The Night Cafe; Van Gogh's Bedroom; L'Arlesienne: Madame Ginoux; Vincent's Chair; and three versions of The Sower, all done in 1888, as well as many of his most haunting self-portraits, including two titled Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, both done in 1889.
Van Gogh's images of Arles now encapsulate for many the spirit of the place.
Gauguin left Arles, and by May of 1889, van Gogh had voluntarily committed himself to a nearby asylum.
Van Gogh created his best work between 1888 and 1890, when he went to Arles in the South of France (3).
Madame Jeanne Calment [1875-1997] of Arles, France, already outlived that assumption by a year and a half.
He said he had gone with the 81-year-old judge by train to the south of France this summer where they had spent time in Aix en Provence and Arles.
From early times Arles distinguished itself as a vital musical center.
Explore the glamorous city of Cannes -- Visit the artsy Saint Tropez and beach town of Cassis -- Enjoy a walking tour in Aix-en-Provence along the Route de Cezanne -- Stop in Arles, often called the soul of Provence -- Visit the Cotes du Rhone wine country -- See Europe's 3rd largest triumphal arch and best-preserved Roman theater -- Experience Avignon -- See Monaco -- Explore Nice with Le Chateau, the Vieille Ville, Place Massena and the Fontaine du Soleil.