Arles


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Arles

(ärl), city (1990 pop. 52,543), Bouches-du-Rhône dept., S central France, in ProvenceProvence
, region and former province, SE France. It encompasses what now are Var, Vaucluse, and Bouches-du-Rhône depts. and (in part) Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes depts.
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, on the Rhône River delta. Arles is an important railroad, shipping, agriculture, and industrial center with varied manufactures. It was a flourishing Roman town (Arelate) and the metropolis of Gaul in the late Roman Empire. Constantine I convoked (314) a synod at Arles that condemned DonatismDonatism
, schismatic movement among Christians of N Africa (fl. 4th cent.), led by Donatus, bishop of Casae Nigrae (fl. 313), and the theologian Donatus the Great or Donatus Magnus (d. 355).
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; Constantine II was born there. Arles was an archiepiscopal see from the 4th cent. until 1790 and the seat of many synods. It became (879) the capital of Provence and (933) of the kingdom of ArlesArles, kingdom of,
was formed in 933, when Rudolf II, king of Transjurane Burgundy, united the kingdom of Provence or Cisjurane Burgundy to his lands and established his capital at Arles.
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 (see separate article). In the 12th cent. it became a free city governed by an elected podestat, who appointed the consuls and other magistrates. Arles retained its special status until the French Revolution. Among its noteworthy attractions are a Roman arena (2d cent. A.D.), seating 26,000 and now used for bullfights; a Roman theater (1st or 2d cent. A.D.); the Aliscamps [i.e., Elysian Fields], remains of a Roman cemetery; the Church of St. Trophime (11th–15th cent.; formerly a cathedral); the town hall (17th cent.); and the Museon Arlaten, a museum of Provençal culture and folklore, installed in a 16th-century mansion by Frédéric Mistral, who was born near Arles. Arles has attracted many painters, notably Van Gogh and Gauguin.
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Arles

1. a city in SE France, on the Rhône: Roman amphitheatre. Pop.: 50 513 (1999)
2. Kingdom of. a kingdom in SE France which had dissolved by 1378: known as the Kingdom of Burgundy until about 1200
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This year, with 50 exhibitions programmed for the 50th edition, "the Rencontres d'Arles has gone all-out to offer an ambitious, eclectic, electric program," Stourdze added.
It said Daguia was the one who shot Arles, while Capunong and Fortunado were the drivers of two vehicles used in the killing.
Arles was driving home from work when he was shot to death in Barangay Manalad, Ilog, Negros Occidental, 6:30 p.m.
7 nights 3-star hotel accommodation in Arles (2 HB & 5 B&B) ?
The Tarasque, (Arles' answer to Nessie), is a legendary amphibious monster reputed to dine on humans that can be seen at the Museon Arlaten.
Located less than an hour from Marseille, Arles is a stunning, small city of 53,000 inhabitants with wide blue skies and yellow shuttered facades.
Arles have failed to score in 13 of their 17 road fixtures and fired blanks in seven straight matches.
Posteriormente, Cesareo ya como obispo de Arles sufre una serie de vicisitudes, entre ellas, la pena de destierro a Burdeos por orden del rey visigodo Alarico II, el asedio de Arles por los francos y burgundios, finalmente su viaje a la Italia, dominada por el rey Teodorico (Cap.
Crucially, they struck a point apiece with time almost up to first break away from Arles and then secure the win.
He then fled Arles, even leaving behind his paintings and materials.
Fishing at Arles pool peg 34, he long pole-fished corn and meat to pick up the winning haul.