Armand Barbès

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barbès, Armand

 

Born Sept. 9, 1809, in La Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; died June 26,1870, in The Hague. French petit-bourgeois revolutionary democrat.

In the mid-1830’s, Barbès and L. O. Blanqui participated in the founding of the secret revolutionary societies the Society of Families and the Society of the Seasons. After the failure of the Blanquist uprising of May 12, 1839, he was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was freed during the Revolution of 1848 and actively participated in the democratic movement; he was president of the Club of the Revolution. At a time of intensified class struggle in France in the spring of 1848, Barbes broke with Blanqui. During the antigovernment demonstration of Apr. 16, 1848, he was among those who defended the Provisional Government against the rebellious workers. However, after the opening of the Constituent Assembly Barbès participated in the demonstration on May 15 against the reactionary policies of the assembly. For this he was sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1854, Barbès was released from prison, and he emigrated to Belgium.

REFERENCE

Jeanjean, J. F. A. Barbès (1809–1870), vol. 1. Paris, 1909.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new secret group, la Societe des Familles (later restructured as la Societe des Saisons), led by Louis-Auguste Blanqui, Armand Barbes and Martin-Bernard was created.
A liberty tree occupied a corner of the Place de Greve that spring, and in May the revolutionary Armand Barbes fled to the cityhall following the failed "invasion" of the National Assembly.
The reaction is sparked off, it would seem, by the revival of interest in les monstres that marked the literature of the 1830s; the text makes reference to contemporary political events such as Armand Barbes's attack on the Palais de Justice, and it draws on popular satire of the July monarchy and its supporters (in particular the hunchback Mayeux, doctor and would-be politician, as source of Sansfin).