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(ärməvēr`, Rus. ərməvēr`), city (1989 pop. 161,000), Krasnodar Territory, SE European Russia, on the Kuban River. An important railroad junction, it has machine and tool plants. Meatpacking and other food processing are important. Armavir was founded in 1839.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR. Located on the left bank of the Kuban River where it emerges from the northern foothills of the Caucasus. Junction of highways and of railway lines to Rostov-on-Don, Tuapse, and Baku. Population, 144,000 (1969).

Armavir is second to Krasnodar as an industrial center of Krasnodar Krai. Its industries include food processing (meat-canning combine, oil and fats combine, and others), machine building (tool factories, machine-testing factories, electrotechnical machine factories, and railway and petroleum industry machine factories), woodworking, and light industry. Armavir has a combine for the production of shoe soles out of imitation leather, a glass factory, a ceramics factory, and others. In Armavir there is a pedagogical institute; a branch of the Krasnodar Polytechnic Institute; machine building, mechanical and technological, veterinary, and legal technicums and a medical school. There is a museum of local lore, a drama theater, and a television center.

Armavir was founded in 1839 and became a city in 1914. During the Civil War of 1918–20 there were fierce battles in the vicinity of Armavir. The march of the Taman’ Army ended in Armavir. Soviet power was established in Armavir in March 1920. The city was occupied by the fascist German troops during the Great Patriotic War, 1941–45. Armavir was liberated in January 1943.


Armavir. Krasnodar, 1964. (Essay.)



the capital and religious center of the ancient Armenian Ararat kingdom (the ruins of which are near the village of Armavir, Oktemberian Raion, Armenian SSR).

Armavir was founded in the fourth century B.C. After the capital was moved to the city of Artashat (second century B.C.)and the Araks River changed its channel, Armavir gradually declined, but it continued to exist until the fifth century A.D. In the vicinity of Armavir there are two rocks inscribed with Greek historical and literary texts from the Hellenistic period.


Trever, K. V. Ocherki po istorii kul’tury Drevnei Armenii (II v. do n. e. - IV v. n. e.). Moscow-Leningrad, 1953. Pages 104–56.
Arutiunian, V. “K voprosy o gradostroitel’noi kul’ture Drevnei Armenii.” Izv. AN Arm. SSR: Obshchestv. nauki, 1955, no. 9, pp. 47–54.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The launches took place at 10:16 am Moscow time (0616 GMT) and were detected by the early warning system in Armavir in southern Russia, accordind to Reuters.
The launches took place at 10:16 am Moscow time (0616 GMT) and were detected by the early warning system in Armavir in southern Russia, the defence ministry said in a statement quoted by Russian news agencies.
The spokesman said the launch was picked up by an early warning radar station at Armavir, near the Black Sea, which is designed to detect missiles from Europe and Iran.
The launch, which reportedly happened at 06:16 GMT today (Tuesday), was detected by a radar in the southern Russian city of Armavir.
Russia on Tuesday announced that its missile early warning station at Armavir on the Black Sea had detected the launch of two missiles from the central part of the Mediterranean Sea fired towards the Sea's eastern coastline.
Along with the rapid response assurances of the CSTO, Russian military bases in the Armenian cities of Gyumri, Armavir, Artashat and Meghri that house radars and provide border security are other elements that complete the picture.
The CEO of Arredo, the largest household linen company of Argentina, Sebastin Sassn, and the President of Armavir, a conglomerate of textile importing and retail supply companies, Juan Pablo Alonso spoke of the success of their business with Pakistan in importing textiles, bed linens and towels, as well as cotton and cotton yarn.
Yerevan, (SANA) -- Armenian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Territorial Administration Armen Gevorgyan affirmed on Saturday the strength of the relation between Syria and Armenia.This came during his meeting with Governor of Deir Ezzor Hussein Arnous and the accompanying delegation.The two sides discussed means of developing economic and commercial relations between the two countries.On Friday, Arnous and the accompanying delegation discussed with Armenian Minister of Agriculture and head of the Armenian side in the Syrian-Armenian joint committee Gerasim Alaverdyan the importance of developing bilateral relations in all fields.Arnous is visiting Armenia upon the invitation of the governor of Armavir province.
Likewise, the radars at Armavir and Gabala could augment the proposed sensor network and that type of cooperation could perhaps be a catalyst for Russia to join countries participating in our cooperative development of missile defense technologies.
Deployment of BMD in Eastern Europe: In May 2009, Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov reiterated Putin's proposal that, instead of deploying ballistic-missile defenses (BMD) to Eastern Europe (which Moscow believes would be aimed at Russia and not Iran as the Bush administration claimed), the United States and Russia instead create a joint missile-defense system using facilities in Armavir, Russia, and Gabala, Azerbaijan.
In the wings of the last NATO summit in Bucharest, the Russians had proposed using radars in Gabala (Azerbaijan) and Armavir (Krasnodar territory, south of Russia).