Armia Krajowa


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Armia Krajowa

 

(literally Home Army), the Polish national military organization active during 1942–45 in Poland during the occupation by the German fascists; it was under the authority of the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Armia Krajowa was formed on the basis of the underground organization of the Union for Armed Struggle (formed in January 1940). The army was composed of part of the People’s Military Organization; Peasant Battalions (the military organization created in late 1940-early 1941 and whose main cadres were members of the peasant youth organization Wici); military detachments of the right wing of the Polish Socialist Party; and other illegal military organizations of the political center supporting the government-in-exile. The major aim of the leaders of the Home Army was the restoration of the Polish bourgeois state with the support of Great Britain and the USA.

The contradictions between the patriotic aspirations of the rank-and-file members of the Home Army and the objectives of its leaders became sharply pronounced in the course of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 instigated by the command of the army. In January 1945 the government-in-exile dissolved Armia Krajowa, creating from its most reactionary segments the underground terrorist organization Freedom and Resistance, which struggled against popular power. In 1947, the organization was destroyed by the organs of state security of the People’s Republic of Poland.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Geschichte und Mythos der Armia Krajowa seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (Munich: Oldenbourg, 2003).
[Jew.sub.1], a member of the Jewish Police who aided Germans in rounding up other Jews for extermination, is not [Jew.sub.2], who joined the Partisans in the forests, the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), who fought in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943 or the general Warsaw Uprising in 1944, is not [Jew.sub.3] who, barely surviving her or him self, thought primarily of their own survival.
In Part II of this report we will examine the creation of the Free Polish forces in France, the USSR and Great Britain in addition to the armed resistance to the Nazi occupation by the Armia Krajowa (Polish Home Army).
In the period 1939-45, Poles in Volhynia were essentially plunged into three simultaneous wars: first and last with Soviet aggressors (the "Allied" Red Army regularly killed the Allied Armia Krajowa after "liberating" a region); then (after 1941) with Nazi invaders; and finally, a campaign of mass murder organized by Ukrainian nationalist followers of Stepan Bandera who, with their hopes for an independent Ukraine through collaboration with the Germans dashed, embarked on their own campaign of ethnic cleansing in case, by some miracle, they wrested an independent country.
Polish workers apparently smuggled several hundred VIS pistols out of the factory and supplied them to the Polish resistance movement, the Armia Krajowa, who used them to fight German occupation forces during the ill-fated Warsaw Uprising (August 1-October 2, 1944).
Unlike my Wilno grandparents who were clandestine soldiers of the Home Army, however, Mackiewicz was a harsh critic of Armia Krajowa, Poland's mainstream independentist and pro-Western underground.
The Warsaw Rising of 1944--a sixty-three-day struggle undertaken by the Polish Underground Resistance Movement (Armia Krajowa, AK, or the Home Army) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi occupation during the Second World War--occupies a special place in both Polish history and national collective memory.
Also there, on narrow Bonifraterska Street, the map shows two points where the Polish underground Home Army (Armia Krajowa) and the People's Guard (Gwardia Ludowa) smuggled weapons to the insurgents.
In July 1945, in the Suwalki-Sejny region of northeastern Poland (the voivodship of Bialystok), tens of thousands of Soviet NKVD and Red Army soldiers took part in the hunt for members of the Polish Resistance during the Second World War (Armia Krajowa).
The book is a carefully researched and argued indictment of the Churchill government concerning its treatment of the Poles during the Warsaw Rising against the Germans by the Armia Krajowa (Home Army).
It provides a narrative on the German invasion of the Soviet Union, the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa), and the Katyn graves.