Armistice


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Armistice

 

a temporary cessation of military action by mutual agreement of the warring parties.

An armistice may be general or local. In a general armistice, military actions cease in the entire theater of war, and the armistice is concluded by the commanders in chief with authorization of their governments. A general armistice usually precedes the conclusion of a peace treaty. Thus, in World War II (1939–45) the United Nations concluded in the period from 1943 to 1945 a general armistice with Italy, Rumania, Finland, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Subsequently, peace treaties were signed with these countries.

A local armistice is established between individual units of the warring parties in a definite sector of the front. It is concluded for a definite period and usually has a special purpose, such as exchange of prisoners or burial of the dead. The 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War states that parties to the conflict “shall endeavor to conclude local agreements for the removal from besieged or encircled areas, of wounded, sick, infirm, and aged persons, children and maternity cases, and for the passage of … medical personnel and medical equipment on their way to such areas.” If no definite period for the armistice has been established, the warring parties may renew military actions at any time.

References in periodicals archive ?
mandate in response to North Korea's military provocations, the U.S.-led UNC has played a role as the enforcer of the armistice agreement that halted the 1950-53 Korean War.
UNCMAC supervises the implementation of the Korean Armistice Agreement of 1953.
Despite being on his way back to the front lines, we can see that Baragar was optimistic about hearing news of the armistice. "God knows we are fed up with the cursed war--but we are glad that we've stuck to see a fitting and honourable end," his letter announced.
Following a collection at Tesco in Bedworth, Armistice group members collected an incredible [pounds sterling]713.
*** The issue of the Observer, which came out on November 12, 1918, and featured news of the Armistice, must have had a bumper sale.
Is World War I and the Armistice of any relevance, then, to the Philippines?
Ferdinand Foch, French military commander, was one of the people who signed the armistice. It took place in Foch's railway carriage in the Forest of Compiegne, about 37 miles (60 km) north of Paris, a location which was remote and discreet.
The event marks 100 years since the signing of the armistice which ended the fighting on the Western Front of the First World War at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918.
Armistice Day in Trafalgar The Armistice was preceded by the hundred days offensive, beginning with the Battle of Amiens on August 8, 1918, which had seen the French, British and US armies push the German Army back to the battlefields of 1914.
Vice President Naidu will also participate in the Paris Peace Forum, organized by the Government of France in the city from November 11 to 13, as part of the Armistice Centenary.
Armistice Day in Trafalgar Square, The Armistice was preceded by the hundred days offensive, beginning with the Battle of Amiens on August 8, 1918, which had seen the French, British and US armies push the German Army back to the battlefields of 1914.