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a temporary cessation of military action by mutual agreement of the warring parties.

An armistice may be general or local. In a general armistice, military actions cease in the entire theater of war, and the armistice is concluded by the commanders in chief with authorization of their governments. A general armistice usually precedes the conclusion of a peace treaty. Thus, in World War II (1939–45) the United Nations concluded in the period from 1943 to 1945 a general armistice with Italy, Rumania, Finland, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Subsequently, peace treaties were signed with these countries.

A local armistice is established between individual units of the warring parties in a definite sector of the front. It is concluded for a definite period and usually has a special purpose, such as exchange of prisoners or burial of the dead. The 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War states that parties to the conflict “shall endeavor to conclude local agreements for the removal from besieged or encircled areas, of wounded, sick, infirm, and aged persons, children and maternity cases, and for the passage of … medical personnel and medical equipment on their way to such areas.” If no definite period for the armistice has been established, the warring parties may renew military actions at any time.

References in periodicals archive ?
22, the (North) Korean People's Army (KPA) violated the armistice agreement twice when its border security guards, armed with pistols and rifles, fired their weapons across the MDL after the defector had entered the South and when one KPA soldier temporarily crossed the line for a few seconds.
Americans recognize Armistice Day a bit differently.
Royds Hall students (above and below) take part in activities for Armistice Day |
11,1918, is regarded as the end of World War I or "The War to End All Wars" and was the first Armistice Day.
6) After any changes or modifications were agreed upon, the proposed Armistice provisions were "sent to Washington [D.
He added that the importance of Remembrance Sunday and Armistice Day is recognised more and more.
The armistice agreement established a framework for security that has endured because of the failure to achieve a peace settlement.
The paper, which effectively reflects the view of the ruling party and its leadership, said there was "a pressing need to replace the Armistice Agreement, which is a relic of the war, with a permanent peace regime", South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported.
South Korea's foreign ministry spokesman dismissed on Tuesday North Korea's voiding of the armistice agreement that ended the 1950-1953 Korean War from Monday.
Summary: Pyongyang: North Korea threatened Tuesday to scrap the armistice which ended the Korean War in .
Noting that the Egyptian-Israeli Mixed Armistice Commission on March 6, 1955 determined that a "prearranged and planned attack ordered by Israeli authorities" was "committed by Israeli regular army forces against the Egyptian regular army force" in the Gaza Strip on February 28, 1955;
Israel's Deputy UN Ambassador, Haim Waxman, sent a letter to the UN Security Council Secretary General, in which he said that during fighting Thursday between the Syrian Army and rebel forces at Jubta al-Hasheb, Syrian forces crossed the 1974 Armistice Line.