Armored Train

Armored Train

 

a railroad train made up of an armored locomotive and one or several armored railroad mountings and mine-testing cars designed for combat action around a railroad line. The armored locomotive (a conventional locomotive covered with armor) was placed in the middle of a train with armored railroad mountings—two- and four-axle railroad flatcars on which armored housing was fitted—in front of and behind it. Personnel, artillery and machine gun armament (one or two cannons in turrets and three to six machine guns along the sides and in gun turrets), control equipment, and observation instruments were placed on the armored railroad mountings. Two mine-testing cars were hitched on each end of the armored train to prevent the armored railroad mountings from hitting mines and fougasses set in the railroad bed by the enemy. The first armored trains appeared in the French Army during the siege of Paris by the Germans (1871); they were used more extensively by the British Army in the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902, by the Russian Army in World War I (1914-18), and by the Soviet Army during the Civil War in the struggles for cities and along railroad lines. They were also used during World War II (1939-45), especially special antiaircraft armored trains designed for the defense of railroad junctions. During World War II the significance of armored trains diminished as a result of the development of aviation and armored troops.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for armored train panel of the front lateral non-20 pieces, armored train panel and door
According to the Telegraph, these attempts frightened Kim Jong-il to such an extent that he refused to fly anywhere, opting instead for travel in a heavily armored train.
Earlier Sunday Kim's special armored train arrived at the small Bureya station in the Amur region and smiling Russian women dressed in red national costumes offered the high-profile guest a loaf of bread and salt, in accordance with Russian tradition.
Russia s Khasan district would be the point of entry for the North Korean leader, who is known for travelling in an armored train.
Kim Jong Il has always traveled by private armored train for state visits to China, which entailed severe traffic regulations and tight security along the route.
The armored train was not the best idea, and this journey would not go well.
The fighting is fierce, and the outcome hangs in the balance for some time until the interlopers are defeated, with the help of some Allied naval vessels that have arrived to anchor in the Daugava and an Estonian armored train which appears in the nick of time.
His novels Tsvetnye vetra ( Particolored Winds, 1922) and Golubye peski ( Azure Sands 1922) and his stories, such as " Partizany " ( " The Guerillas, " 1921) and " Brone - poezd 14 - 69 " (1922; translated as " Armored Train 14 - 69, " 1933), are exotic in both theme and treatment, written in the ornate prose style popular in the 1920s.
Witnesses in Dandong who saw the train cross in the pre-dawn hours and video footage shot by Reuters TV indicates it was a freighter and not Kim s armored train.
She steps off the bus and is escorted to an armored train by a pair of young soldiers.
Petersburg on Tuesday, departing Russia's second largest city by special armored train for Moscow shortly before noon.
Lepage traces the military use of railways from the 1830s to the Cold War, considering all aspects of military trains, including transport and logistics, rail-borne artillery, armored trains, and draisines.