Armored Train

Armored Train

 

a railroad train made up of an armored locomotive and one or several armored railroad mountings and mine-testing cars designed for combat action around a railroad line. The armored locomotive (a conventional locomotive covered with armor) was placed in the middle of a train with armored railroad mountings—two- and four-axle railroad flatcars on which armored housing was fitted—in front of and behind it. Personnel, artillery and machine gun armament (one or two cannons in turrets and three to six machine guns along the sides and in gun turrets), control equipment, and observation instruments were placed on the armored railroad mountings. Two mine-testing cars were hitched on each end of the armored train to prevent the armored railroad mountings from hitting mines and fougasses set in the railroad bed by the enemy. The first armored trains appeared in the French Army during the siege of Paris by the Germans (1871); they were used more extensively by the British Army in the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902, by the Russian Army in World War I (1914-18), and by the Soviet Army during the Civil War in the struggles for cities and along railroad lines. They were also used during World War II (1939-45), especially special antiaircraft armored trains designed for the defense of railroad junctions. During World War II the significance of armored trains diminished as a result of the development of aviation and armored troops.

References in periodicals archive ?
At 11.00, the Minister of Defense and the Commander of the National Armed Forces at C?sis Railway Station will attend a festive opening event, looking at the Estonian Armored Train "Freedom".
Kim's armored train rolled into Vladivostok for his first ever meeting with his Russian counterpart.
Kim, who arrived in style by armored train on Wednesday morning, will stay on in Russia to tour Vladivostok, a port city some 435 miles from Pyongyang on the Pacific Coast.
The armored train carrying Kim - on his first official visit to Russia - pulled into the quayside station in Vladivostok, on the Pacific Ocean, a few hours after crossing from North Korea into Russia.
Kim arrived in Vladivostok Wednesday aboard an armored train, telling Russian state television that he was hoping that his first visit to Russia would "successful and useful." He evoked his father's "great love for Russia" and said that he intends to strengthen ties between the two countries.
North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un arrived in his armored train in Vladivostok on Wednesday, a day before he is due to meet Russian President Vladimir Putin in the eastern Russian port city.
Kim's armored train arrived at Hasan station in the southern part
The source informed that around 17:00 local time, the North Korean leader left for Hanoi in an armored train. He is expected to travel all the way to Vietnam by train, passing China.
A long motorcade including motorcycle outriders reserved for state leaders left a Beijing train station shortly after the arrival of an armored train consisting of 20 to 25 cars - most of whose windows were blacked-out -along tracks lined by police and paramilitary troops.
In the film, a Chinese revolutionary group hires Corto Maltese to hijack the armored train of Russian Emperor Czar Nicolas II that is transporting his gold from St.
According to the Telegraph, these attempts frightened Kim Jong-il to such an extent that he refused to fly anywhere, opting instead for travel in a heavily armored train.
Russia s Khasan district would be the point of entry for the North Korean leader, who is known for travelling in an armored train.