Brigade

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Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

References in periodicals archive ?
SEA LEGS: Above and inset: Soldiers from 7th Armoured Brigade (The Desert Rats) featuring Adam Ronson, from Elland, right, take part in Exercise Rats Breeze
The chaplain of 20th Armoured Brigade, Father Paschal Hanrahan, said: "Each name is unique and each name tells a story, the story of a son
Brigadier Tom Beckett, commander of 20th Armoured Brigade, said: "We leave knowing that Basra is a better place now than it was in 2003.
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it was decided to make an attempt for the reduction of this area by a pincer movement employing 43 Lorried Infantry Brigade from the north and 99 Mountain Brigade and 1 Armoured Brigade from the north west.
The 32-year-old father-oftwo, pictured, was serving with Headquarters 20th Armoured Brigade and had been in the armed forces for 14 years.
Some 500 soldiers from 20th Armoured Brigade - known as The Iron Fist - passed through Paderborn, in central Germany, in front of the local community, family and friends.
The light role infantry battalion - nicknamed The Yorkshire Warriors - has joined the remainder of the 20th Armoured Brigade in Germany, after becoming part of the British Army formation last year.
Command of UK forces in Iraq is to be handed over from 7 Armoured Brigade to 20 Armoured Brigade in November, Defence Secretary Des Browne confirmed yesterday.
Sergeant Steve Jolliffe, 40, of Anfield, who was in Iraq with 4 Armoured Brigade HQ and Signal Squadron during 2004 and 2005.
The 20-year-old, from Merthyr Tydfil, who is usually based in with the 20th Armoured Brigade, in Osnabruck, northern Germany, is among a team helping Iraqi police officers from the Tactical Support Unit.
The 39-year-old from Allesley Park decided to turn his hobby into a charity money-spinner after his drawings and paintings proved popular with his fellow Desert Rats of 7 Armoured Brigade.