Brigade

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
What was unknown to the battalion was that it was about to attack a position that 24 hours earlier had knocked out a Pakistani armoured brigade.
Armoured Brigade staged a comeback with a close range shot from a corner in the 80th minute but eight minutes later, Marcus Mukolwe grabbed the winner with a lobbed header over the gunners' defence.Multiple attempts by Armoured Brigade to get an equaliser in the dying minutes of the game only ran into a tight defence by the Kahawa boys.
Brigadier K K Singh, commander of 1 Armoured Brigade planned to advance with only one regiment at a time.
Brigadier Paul Nanson MBE, Commander of the seventh Armoured Brigade said: "This sail training week out of Kiel has been a fantastic opportunity for the soldiers of seventh Armoured Brigade to develop and gain sailing qualifications after a busy period of preparing for operations.
Brigadier Tom Beckett, commander of 20th Armoured Brigade, read the traditional verse: "At the going down of the sun, and in the morning, we will remember them."
Brigadier Tom Beckett, commander of 20th Armoured Brigade, said: "We leave knowing that Basra is a better place now than it was in 2003." For families of North Wales and elsewhere, it is the memory of such sacrifice that will endure..
The chaplain of 20th Armoured Brigade, Father Paschal Hanrahan, said: "Each name is unique and each name tells a story, the story of a son
Units of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force with heavy armour are co-ordinating a flanking move around the east of the city with two British battlegroups of the UK 7th Armoured Brigade, made up of the Blackwatch and the 1st Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.
One was the 5th Canadian Armoured Brigade, composed of the Lord Strathcona's Horse, 8th Princess Louise New Brunswick Hussars, and British Columbia Dragoons.
figure By NICHOLAS KOMU Armoured Brigade will Monday square it out with Moi Airbase as Rangers Regiment face off with Eighth Brigade in the opening quarter-final fixtures of the Chief of Defence Forces football tournament at Laikipia Airbase.Armoured Brigade, who topped Pool A' in the group stage of the football tournament, will kick off their campaign for a place in the tournament's semi-finals at 9am with a match against Moi Airbase who finished second in Pool C'.
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