Armored Car

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Armored Car

 

a wheeled combat vehicle with armor and weapons, intended for reconnaissance, security, and communications. The first armored cars, equipped with cannon and machine guns, were built in England in 1900-02 and were used in the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). The Russian Army possessed approximately 160 armored cars by the end of World War I (1914-18). In 1918 the Red Army had 37 armored detachments with 148 vehicles. Armored cars were used by many other armies during World War II (1939-45). Special-purpose armored cars were developed during the postwar era, such as the Soviet Army’s armored reconnaissance patrol vehicle (the BRDM).

Light armored cars weigh up to 4 tons, whereas medium and heavy armored cars exceed 8 tons. Armored cars are mounted with cannon and machine guns, thus allowing combat with enemy personnel, means of fire, and light armored objectives. Armored cars have three or four crew members and a maximum speed of 90-100 km per hour; they are capable of going 500 to 750 km without refueling. Modern armored cars are either amphibious or are capable of negotiating deep fords (up to 1.4 m in depth). Each vehicle has a centralized tire air pressure control system that provides high cross-country maneuverability. Armored cars are equipped with auxiliary equipment, such as optical sighting instruments, night-vision instrumentation, radio sets, and heaters.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dubai PoliceAaAaAeA{Es operation room received a report about Dh1.2 milli that had been stolen from an armoured truck beside the Deira Metro station at around 1pm.
Civil police, Special Forces, Counter Terrorism units, Commando units, in addition to Central Security forces all took part in the operation, accompanied by armoured trucks, bulldozers and Apache helicopters.
The 39-year-old Kenyan security guard was commissioned to accompany coworkers in an armoured truck, collect money from trading companies, commercial establishments and money exchange houses across Dubai and then deposit the cash in ATMs or the company's headquarters.
Records said Dubai Police's operation room were reported that Dh1.2 million had been stolen from an armoured truck beside the Deira Metro station at around 1pm.
Oscar gets a job driving an armoured truck - but all is not as it seems.
SAS troops supported the Afghan National Army Special Forces of the 7th Special Operations unit during the operation, which took place less than a mile from where a 43st bomb ripped through an armoured truck on Tuesday.
He was invited to lunch by one of the most notorious bank bosses, a man whose remuneration is delivered in an armoured truck, and got nowhere.
He was close by when the bomb detonated on Wednesday and rushed to the stricken armoured truck.
Taking on a highrisk job as an armoured truck guard, Ty is persuaded to take part in the heist of $42m from his employers by co-workers Mike Cochrane (Matt Dillon), Baines (Laurence Fishburne), Dobbs (Skeet Ulrich), Palmer (Amaury Nolasco) and Quinn (Jean Reno).
Jason, a plant operator mechanic with 38 Engineer Regiment based in Antrim, Northern Ireland, was hurt when the armoured truck he was travelling in went over an IED - improvised explosive device -and was blown off the road.
The body of at least one dead Italian soldier could be seen lying in the street in front of an armoured truck that bore an Italian flag