Armstrong, John

Armstrong, John,

1717?–1795, American pioneer, known as the "hero of Kittanning," b. Co. Fermanagh, Ireland. He laid out the town of Carlisle, Pa. In 1756 he led the expedition that destroyed Kittanning, a town of the Delaware on the Allegheny. Later he was a major general in the American Revolution and a member of the Second Continental Congress.

Armstrong, John,

1758–1843, American army officer, U.S. Secretary of War (1813–14), b. Carlisle, Pa.; son of John Armstrong, "hero of Kittanning." In the American Revolution he was on the staff of Horatio Gates. In 1783, Armstrong wrote the "Newburgh Addresses," or "Newburgh Letters"; these anonymously issued appeals urged the restive Continental officers to force Congress to pay salary arrears and adjust other grievances. General Washington denounced the appeals, and the officers soon followed his lead. After marriage (1789) to Alida, sister of Robert R. LivingstonLivingston,
family of American statesmen, diplomats, and jurists. Robert R. Livingston (1654–1728)

Robert R. Livingston, 1654–1728, b. Roxburghshire, Scotland, was raised in Holland and immigrated to America in 1673 after his father died.
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, Armstrong moved to Red Hook, N.Y., and became a political supporter of George ClintonClinton, George,
1739–1812, American statesman, vice president of the United States (1805–1812), b. Little Britain, N.Y. Before he was 20 he served on a privateer and, in the French and Indian War, accompanied the regiment of his father, Charles Clinton, in the
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 and De Witt ClintonClinton, De Witt
, 1769–1828, American statesman, b. New Windsor, N.Y.; son of James Clinton. He was admitted (1790) to the New York bar but soon became secretary to his uncle, George Clinton, first governor of the state, and in that position (1790–95) gained
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. He was U.S. Senator (1800–1802, 1803–4), minister to France (1804–10), and then Secretary of War. In the War of 1812 he was held responsible for the disasters of 1813–14, notably the failure of the expedition to Canada and the British capture of the city of Washington. He resigned in public disfavor. Armstrong wrote Notices of the War of 1812 (1836–40), biographies of Richard Montgomery and Anthony Wayne, and other books.
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Armstrong, John

(1755–1816) soldier, explorer; born in New Jersey. He was a militia officer in the American Revolution and then served in the regular army (1784–93). He commanded Fort Pitt (1785–86) and was sent on a secret government exploration mission into Spanish territory and up the Missouri River (1790). He fought heroically in General Harmar's Indian campaign (1790) and later served as treasurer of the Northwest Territory.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
The squad boasts a growing number of Scots playing in the Premier League in England in Hanley, Andy Robertson, Stuart Armstrong, John McGinn, Kenny McLean, Scott McTominay, Snodgrass and Ryan Fraser - and Clarke believes the increased presence in England's top flight augurs well for Scotland.
In 1831, Thomas Armstrong, John Barker, Isaac Ecclestone, David Johnson, John Smith, Bartholomew Stephenson and John Stewart were accused of fermenting union unrest.
I actually believe we have some talented guys in that squad - the likes of Tierney, Robertson, Callum McGregor, Stuart Armstrong, John McGinn and James Forest will all do for me.
Goals from David Armstrong, John Hickton and Alan Foggon gave Boro a thumping 3-0 victory in Suffolk in the 1975-76 campaign.
With fellow survivor Neil Armstrong, John runs the Maggie's prostate cancer support group, meeting from 10am to noon on the third Thursday of each month.
Adam Armstrong, John Fleck and Jodi Jones try to make an impact for Tony Mowbray's Sky Blues at the Keepmoat Stadium.
Planes 2: Fire & Rescue Animation, with Dane Cook, Curtis Armstrong, John Michael Higgins Julie Bowen, and Ed Harris.
VOICES: Dane Cook, Ed Harris, Julie Bowen, Curtis Armstrong, John Michael Higgins, Hal Holbrook, Wes Studi, Brad Garrett, Teri Hatcher, Stacy Keach, Cedric the Entertainer, Danny Mann, Barry Corbin, Regina King, Anne Meara, Jerry Stiller, Fred Willard
Thank you also to Normand Armstrong, John Brouillard, Len Desjardins, Walter Huffor, Larry King, Dan Mioduszewski, George Murray and Tim Wickstrom for recruiting a total of 11 other new members.
Also awarded peerages are former Tory leader Michael Howard and former Labour ministers including John Prescott, John Reid, Des Browne, Hilary Armstrong, John Hutton and Quentin Davies, and former Northern Ireland first minister Ian Paisley.
In May 2009, Pinky joined legendary pioneers such as Neil Armstrong, John Glenn, Alan Shepard, Jim Lovell and Sally Ride as he was inducted into the U.S.
We can now add more names: (from back left) Christopher Beever, Brian Armstrong, John Ardley Graham Pearson, ?, Terence Helliwell, ?, Robert 'Fish' Turner, 'Chips' Wood, Gwyn Crother, Daniel Cliffe; (centre row): ?, Linda Daniels, Elizabeth Barratt, ?, ?