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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the highest combined arms unit in the ground forces of the armed forces of various states.

In Russia, corps as combined arms units appeared in the early 18th century. The flying corps, which was called the corps volant and consisted of 7,000 horse cavalrymen and 5,000 infantrymen, was formed in 1701. Five army corps were formed in the Russian Army in 1810, and their number was brought up to 11 in 1812. Cavalry and army corps appeared in the French Army in 1805 and in the Prussian Army in 1816.

By the beginning of World War I (1914–18) the armies of almost all states had army (or infantry) and cavalry corps, which were composed of two to four divisions and had a strength of up to 50,000 men. In the Red Army cavalry corps were formed in 1919 and rifle corps in 1921. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) the Red Army had rifle, cavalry, mechanized, tank, aviation, artillery, and airborne corps.

The present-day corps, for example the US Army corps, has a staff, corps units and subunits, various services, and from two to four or more divisions, of which one or two are armored divisions. In combat the corps forms part of the field army or acts independently.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is so much rain falling in the area right now and the reservoirs are under so much stress that the Army Corps is faced with a tough balancing act.
Such specifics will be figured out later, when the Army Corps moves on to the next phase of the largest study it's ever undertaken in its more than 200-year history.
The Army Corps estimates that the cost of the recommended plan will range between $22 billion and $30 billion.
"Fly over Florida's beaches, which I've done many times, and you'll see that any time there are exposed groins, there's downdrift erosion." And although the Army Corps says it plans to replace sand if the groins become exposed, Patten says there's no guarantee they would do that in time to prevent damage to the park.
Specifically, EPA alleged that the Army Corp failed to: comply with safety information requirements; adequately identify, evaluate, and control hazards; comply with operating procedures requirements; comply with mechanical integrity requirements; comply with compliance audit requirements; and have an adequate emergency response program.
The Army Corps web site lists an after-the-fact permit granted State Parks and Scott Lawn Yard on April, 29, 2013, titled "Three Sisters Islands Rehabilitation", a strange choice of words given the conversion of the formerly scenic natural area into something resembling a suburban backyard patio.
Even Chairman Senate Standing Committee on Defense and Defense Production Mushahid Hussain Syed also criticized the government for granting permission to US Army Corps of Engineer for the construction of TCOCC at Karachi Airport.
Army Corps of Engineers, New England District, Regulatory Division, (Attn: Kevin Kotelly), 696 Virginia Road, Concord, MA 01742-2751.
Mohammad Nazir Marya, head of the construction company told Pajhwok Afghan News that the Army Corps had awarded seven projects, involving the police headquarters, to Kainat.
TRC Companies Inc (NYSE: TRR), a national engineering, consulting and construction management firm, along with Plexus Scientific, has received a ten-year combined ceiling contract from the US Army Corps of Engineers.
Army Corps of Engineers needs to take urgent action to prevent the Asian Carp from entering the Great Lakes and proliferating there.
ISLAMABAD, May 14, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish Land Forces Commander General Isik Kosaner visited Friday an army corps unit in Swat Valley, a region where Taliban and Al-Qaeda militants have been very influential recently.

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