Arnauld


Also found in: Dictionary.

Arnauld

(ärnō`), French family involved in Jansenism (see under Jansen, CornelisJansen, Cornelis
, 1585–1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. He studied at the Univ. of Louvain and became imbued with the idea of reforming Christian life along the lines of a return to St. Augustine.
..... Click the link for more information.
). The name is also spelled Arnaut or Arnault. The leader was a nun, Marie Angélique de Sainte Madeleine, 1591–1661, abbess from early youth of Port-RoyalPort-Royal
, former abbey of women, c.17 mi (27 km) W of Paris, founded in 1204. It was at first Benedictine, later Cistercian. In 1608 the abbess, Angélique Arnauld (see Arnauld, family), undertook a reform with the counsel of St. Francis de Sales.
..... Click the link for more information.
, a Cistercian house near Paris. Under the influence of St. Francis de Sales she reformed her abbey. She was interested in Jansenism by Duvergier de HauranneDuvergier de Hauranne, Jean
, 1581–1643, French theologian. He is often called the Abbé de Saint-Cyran from an abbacy he held in commendam (i.e., received the revenues from but did not actually administer).
..... Click the link for more information.
, and her introduction of the ideas into Port-Royal was an important step in forwarding the movement.

Her younger brother, Antoine Arnauld, 1612–94, was a leading Jansenist controversialist. He was a priest and a member of the Sorbonne. His best-known work was an attack on the Jesuits, De la fréquente communion (1643). He also wrote against CalvinismCalvinism,
term used in several different senses. It may indicate the teachings expressed by John Calvin himself; it may be extended to include all that developed from his doctrine and practice in Protestant countries in social, political, and ethical, as well as theological,
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the freethinkers. In 1656 he was expelled from the Sorbonne and the faculty of theology. He lived for some years at Port-Royal-des-Champs, where he collaborated on the Port-Royal textbooks. He withdrew to Belgium in 1679. The chief controversy of his later years was with Malebranche on the theology of grace.

His elder brother, Robert Arnauld d'Andilly, 1588–1674, was a translator of religious writings and a religious poet of originality. He lived for many years in retirement at Port-Royal-des-Champs.

Bibliography

See biography of Marie Angélique de Sainte Madeleine by M. L. Trouncer (1957).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Arnauld H, 2004, La preparation phisique et sa dimension prophilactique, nr.
Amid the "transitory Parisian Dada" one also finds Celine Arnauld, born Carolina Goldstein, "a single prolific female artist," as Kamenish observes, "sandwiched by art historians between the widely known French versions of Cubism and Surrealism." In contrast to Dada's anti-aesthetic, Arnauld crafted poetry that she published in fourteen volumes--The Magic Lantern (1914); Openwork Poems (1920); and Chess Game (1921)--in addition to writing a novel and editing a literary magazine.
After his productions in Paris of Rinaldo by Handel and Rameau's Hippolyte et Aride, he was approached by Arnauld Brejon de Lavergnee, then a curator at the Musee du Louvre, to design 'Seicento: The Century of Caravaggio in French Collections', held at the Grand Palais.
Arnauld de L'Epine is an economist and member of the board of directors of Ars Industrialis, international association for promoting an industrial policy of mind.
The ensuing chapters detail the biographies and philosophical contributions of several Dadaist women: Emmy Hennings, Gabrielle Buffet, Germain Everling, C<AEe>line Arnauld, Juliette Roche, and Hannah H|ch, and their influence on the artistic, literary, and political expressions of the movement.
The Deputy Special Representative in Mali, Arnauld Akodjenou, echoed Ban's sentiments, stressing that the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) would remain determined to fulfil its Security Council mandate.
Gere par le numero deux de la Minusma, Arnauld Akodjenou, ce dossier ne devrait pas patir du depart du Neerlandais meme si le mandat de ce [beaucoup moins que] diplomate chevronne au service de la paix et de la securite a travers le monde [beaucoup plus grand que] en tant que representant special du secretaire general des Nations unies au Mali, etait la mise sur les rails d'un processus politique qui preserverait la souverainete, l'integrite territoriale et la laicite du pays.
U-35 under the command of Lothar von Arnauld sank more tonnage than any submarine commander ever.
Propositions and Judgments in Locke and Arnauld: A Monstrous and Unholy Union?